Emiel F. M. Wouters

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BACKGROUND Although we know that exacerbations are key events in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), our understanding of their frequency, determinants, and effects is incomplete. In a large observational cohort, we tested the hypothesis that there is a frequent-exacerbation phenotype of COPD that is independent of disease severity. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary rehabilitation is recognized as a core component of the management of individuals with chronic respiratory disease. Since the 2006 American Thoracic Society (ATS)/European Respiratory Society (ERS) Statement on Pulmonary Rehabilitation, there has been considerable growth in our knowledge of its efficacy and scope. PURPOSE The purpose(More)
The objective of the study was to further unravel the prognostic significance of body weight changes in patients with COPD. Two survival analyses were performed: (1) a retrospective study, including 400 patients with COPD none of whom had received nutritional therapy; (2) a post hoc analysis of a prospective study, including 203 patients with COPD who had(More)
Prevalence and characteristics of nutritional depletion were established by body composition measurements in 255 COPD patients in stable clinical condition admitted to a pulmonary rehabilitation center. Depletion of body weight, fat-free mass (using bioelectrical resistance measurements), and muscle mass [from creatinine height index (CHI) and midarm muscle(More)
Smoking is one of the major lifestyle factors influencing the health of human beings. Life-long cigarette smokers have a higher prevalence of common diseases such as atherosclerosis and COPD with significant systemic impact. The present review evaluates current knowledge concerning possible pathways through which cigarette smoking can affect human health,(More)
RATIONALE Comorbidities contribute to disease severity and mortality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Comorbidities have been studied individually and were mostly based on self-reports. The coexistence of objectively identified comorbidities and the role of low-grade systemic inflammation in the pathophysiology of COPD remain(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment with inhaled glucocorticoids in combination with long-acting bronchodilators is recommended in patients with frequent exacerbations of severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the benefit of inhaled glucocorticoids in addition to two long-acting bronchodilators has not been fully explored. METHODS In this(More)
BACKGROUND Guidelines recommend inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) as maintenance treatment for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with a post-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) <50% predicted and frequent exacerbations, although they have only a small preventive effect on the accelerated decline in lung function.(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by significant chronic inflammation in the pulmonary compartment as well as in the circulation. This study aimed to elucidate the relationship between local and systemic inflammation in smoking-induced COPD by assessing levels of soluble (s) tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptors, TNF-alpha, and(More)
Nutritional depletion commonly occurs in patients with COPD, causing muscle wasting and impaired physiologic function. Two hundred seventeen patients with COPD participated in a placebo-controlled, randomized trial investigating the physiologic effects of nutritional intervention alone (N) for 8 wk or combined with the anabolic steroid nandrolone decanoate(More)