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BACKGROUND To investigate the long-latency activities common to all sensory modalities, electroencephalographic responses to auditory (1000 Hz pure tone), tactile (electrical stimulation to the index finger), visual (simple figure of a star), and noxious (intra-epidermal electrical stimulation to the dorsum of the hand) stimuli were recorded from 27 scalp(More)
MOTIVATION A question that often comes up after applying a motif finder to a set of co-regulated DNA sequences is whether the reported putative motif is similar to any known motif. While several tools have been designed for this task, Habib et al. pointed out that the scores that are commonly used for measuring similarity between motifs do not distinguish(More)
BACKGROUND The characterization of DNA replication origins in yeast has shed much light on the mechanisms of initiation of DNA replication. However, very little is known about the evolution of origins or the evolution of mechanisms through which origins are recognized by the initiation machinery. This lack of understanding is largely due to the vast(More)
Magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG) are invaluable neuroscientific tools for unveiling human neural dynamics in three dimensions (space, time, and frequency), which are associated with a wide variety of perceptions, cognition, and actions. MEG/EEG also provides different categories of neuronal indices including activity magnitude,(More)
The actual levels of steroid hormones in organs are vital for endocrine, reproductive and neuronal health and disorders. We developed an accurate method to determine the levels of steroid hormones and steroid conjugates in various organs by an efficient preparation using a solid-phase-extraction cartridge. Each steroid was identified by the precursor ion(More)
Gelatinase biosynthesis-activating pheromone (GBAP) is an autoinducing peptide involved in Enterococcus faecalis fsr quorum sensing, and its 11-amino-acid sequence has been identified in the C-terminal region of the 242-residue deduced fsrB product (J. Nakayama et al., Mol. Microbiol. 41:145-154, 2001). In this study, however, we demonstrated the existence(More)
The quick detection of dynamic changes in multisensory environments is essential to survive dangerous events and orient attention to informative events. Previous studies have identified multimodal cortical areas activated by changes of visual, auditory, and tactile stimuli. In the present study, we used magnetoencephalography (MEG) to examine time-varying(More)
The neural mechanisms underlying unimodal spatial attention have long been studied, but the cortical processes underlying cross-modal links remain a matter of debate. To reveal the cortical processes underlying the cross-modal links between vision and touch in spatial attention, we recorded magnetoencephalographic (MEG) responses to electrocutaneous stimuli(More)
X11-like (X11L) is neuronal adaptor protein that interacts with the amyloid beta-protein precursor (APP) and regulates its metabolism. The phosphotyrosine interaction/binding (PI/PTB) domain of X11L interacts with the cytoplasmic region of APP695. We found that X11L-APP interaction is enhanced in osmotically stressed cells and X11L modification is required(More)
We developed a visual 3D model of a space module and analyzed whether activity in the auditory cortex is influenced by rotating the image using magnetoencephalography. We presented 1,000 Hz pure tone as an auditory stimulus in four different visual conditions: (1) RR: a virtual image rotated around the center, (2) VR: images rotated vertically, (3) HR:(More)