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BACKGROUND The high IgA (HIGA) strain of ddY mice is an inbred model of IgA nephropathy (IgAN), established by selective mating of outbred ddY mice. HIGA mice show high levels of serum IgA and glomerulonephritis with mesangial IgA deposition. To identify the genetic loci responsible for hyperserum IgA and glomerular IgA deposition in this strain,(More)
BACKGROUND Fibrin deposition and mesangial cell proliferation are frequently observed in the active type of mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis. Coagulation factors, such as factor V and factor Xa are colocalized with fibrin in the mesangial areas in active type of IgA nephropathy with mesangial cell proliferation. In this study, therefore, we studied(More)
Polymerization of IgA has been suggested as one of the causes of mesangial deposition in IgA nephropathy. HIGA mice are an inbred model of IgA nephropathy, established by selective mating of ddY mice. This strain is characterized by a unique profile of the IgA molecule that is dominantly polymeric and has high serum levels with intense IgA deposition on the(More)
A 28-year-old Japanese woman developed fever, leg edema, purpura, and abdominal pain during the puerperal period, showing nephrotic syndrome with microscopic hematuria. At first she was thought to have Henoch-Shönlein purpura nephritis and was given steroids at another hospital. Because anasarca and massive urinary protein excretion developed, she was(More)
The diagnosis of aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) is challenging for endocrinologists, as APA does not always present with the typical constellation of clinical and laboratory features, such as hypertension, hypokalemia, suppressed plasma renin activity (PRA), and high plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC). Very recently, several studies have indicated(More)
Reactivation of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been reported in patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy or chemotherapy. We report a case of HBV reactivation in a patient negative for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), positive for hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc), and positive for hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs), who was undergoing(More)
Anesthesia for living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) was performed for two patients with adult polycystic liver disease (APLD). APLD is characterized by gradual cystic transformation of both lobes of the liver. Abdominal enlargement, poor appetite, abdominal pain, infection of liver cysts and portal hypertension are symptoms of this disease. Liver(More)
Massive systemic edema is often observed in patients with severe nephrotic syndrome, including diabetic nephropathy. Although furosemide, a loop diuretic, is often administered to these patients, some patients do not respond to this treatment, still showing massive edema. The efficacy of indapamide which has a thiazide-like effect on distal convoluted(More)
A 61-year-old woman with a 6-year history of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) presented with recurrent fever in July 1996. Bone marrow aspiration, biopsy and chromosome analysis showed that CML was in the chronic phase. Bone marrow biopsy revealed nonspecific inflammatory lesions. Chest X-ray and computed tomography examinations demonstrated interstitial(More)
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