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An ethyl acetate-soluble fraction of a methanol extract from the stems of Angelica keiskei was subjected to chromatographic separation to give three new chalcones, designated as xanthokeismins A-C (1-3), in addition to a known chalcone, xanthoangelol B (4). The structures of 1-3 were determined on the basis of the analysis of their spectroscopic data.(More)
Two cassane-type furanoditerpenoids, designated caesalacetal and caesalpinetate, and a norditerpenoid designated caesalpinone were isolated from the roots of Caesalpinia decapetala var. japonica along with seven known diterpenoids. Structures were elucidated by interpretation of their spectroscopic data, and the absolute structure of caesalacetal was(More)
To test the hypothesis that transduction of the channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2) gene, a microbial-type rhodopsin gene, into retinal ganglion cells of genetically blind rats will restore functional vision, we recorded visually evoked potentials and tested the experimental rats for the presence of optomotor responses. The N-terminal fragment of the ChR2 gene was(More)
Using a TLC autographic assay for radical-scavenging activity with the ABTS radical, the presence of lipophilic antioxidants in the larvae of the wild bruchid seed beetle Bruchidius dorsalis was detected. Assay-guided fractionation of the CHCl3-soluble fraction of the larvae resulted in the isolation of new glycerolipids, designated dorsamin-A763, -A737,(More)
A new nitrogen-containing bicyclic spirosesquiterpene designated exiguamide which inhibited cell fate specification during sea urchin embryogenesis has been isolated from the marine sponge Geodia exigua. Its structure was determined by interpretation of spectral data and X-ray crystallographic analysis.
Kalihinol F, a naturally occurring diterpene from a marine sponge, Acanthella sp., inhibited chromosome separation in fertilized starfish (Asterina pectinifera) eggs but allows the first cleavage to occur, thereby forming unseparated metaphase chromosomes which were elongated between the two daughter cells. The chromosomes were eventually torn off in the(More)
A new brominated C(17) acetylenic acid (1) designated as bromotheoynic acid has been isolated from the marine sponge Theonella swinhoei, collected off the coast of Tanegashima, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. The structure was determined on the basis of the analysis of its extensive 2D NMR spectroscopic data as well as HRMS. Bromotheoynic acid (1) inhibited(More)
Two new prenylated ortho-dihydroxycoumarins, designated fipsomin (1) and fipsotwin (2), were isolated from the fruits of Ficus nipponica together with a known prenylated coumarin, apigravin (3). Their structures were established by spectroscopic data and X-ray crystallographic analysis. Compound 1 exhibited antibacterial activity against Bacillus subtilis(More)
Six diarylbutanoids, designated as ficusnotins A-F, with a rare carbon skeleton consisting of two aromatic rings separated by an unbranched C4-chain have been isolated from the leaves of Ficus nota (Blanco) Merr. (Moraceae). The structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic data, as well as X-ray crystallographic analysis. The isolated compounds(More)
OBJECTIVE Although Opisthorchis viverrini is a risk factor for cholangiocarcinoma, not all the infected individuals develop cholangiocarcinoma. We investigated whether the base excision repair enzyme gene polymorphisms with differentiated repair capacities of inflammation-related deoxyribonucleic acid damage may play a key role and such possible effects(More)