Emi Nakashima

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A cellular disintegrin and metalloproteinase (ADAM) is a new family of genes with structural homology to the snake venom metalloproteinases and disintegrins. We screened genes which were selectively expressed in the cachexigenic colon 26 adenocarcinoma subline in vivo. It was found that one novel cDNA clone, identified as a cachexigenic tumor selective(More)
Two clones, one cachexigenic (clone 20) and the other noncachexigenic (clone 5), from a murine colon adenocarcinoma, colon 26 cells, were used to analyze the involvement of immune reactions as well as the cytokine network in cachexia. Clone 20 induced cachexia in nude and SCID mice as well as in normal BALB/c mice, suggesting that lymphocytes played little,(More)
Although tight-junctions (TJs) at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) are important to prevent non-specific entry of compounds into the CNS, molecular mechanisms regulating TJ maintenance remain still unclear. The purpose of this study was therefore to identify molecules, which regulate occludin expression, derived from astrocytes and pericytes that ensheathe(More)
The transport kinetics of amino-beta-lactam antibiotics was studied by an in situ rat small intestinal recirculating perfusion technique. The disappearance rates of the antibiotics from the perfusing luminal solution followed mixed-type kinetics with saturable and nonsaturable processes. The kinetic parameters were determined. Pharmacokinetic analysis of(More)
The disposition characteristics of beta-lactam antibiotics in rats were investigated, and a physiologically based pharmacokinetic model capable of predicting the tissue distribution and elimination kinetics of these drugs was developed. Protein-binding parameters in rat serum were determined by equilibrium dialysis. Linear binding was found for penicillin(More)
Purpose. We examined the subcellular distribution of the basic drugs, chlorpromazine (CPZ), imipramine (IMP) and biperiden (BP), in rat liver, and evaluated the contribution of lysosome (Lys) to their intracellular distribution in comparison with that of mitochondria (Mit). Methods. In an in vivo distribution, the concentrations of CPZ, IMP and BP in the(More)
The purpose of the present study was to clarify the expression, transport properties and regulation of ATP-binding cassette G2 (ABCG2) transporter at the rat blood-brain barrier (BBB). The rat homologue of ABCG2 (rABCG2) was cloned from rat brain capillary fraction. In rABCG2-transfected HEK293 cells, rABCG2 was detected as a glycoprotein complex bridged by(More)
The pharmaceutical industry has been searching for an in vitro blood-brain barrier (BBB) model that preserves in vivo transporter functions in CNS drug discovery and development. The application of conditionally immortalized cell lines derived from transgenic animals harboring temperature-sensitive SV40 large T-antigen gene, is a rational and promising(More)
Previous studies of blood cells from atomic bomb survivors have shown that frequencies of chromosome aberrations and somatic mutations are elevated in heavily exposed survivors and that T-cell functions and the number of mature T cells are decreased in the survivors who were exposed to radiation as adults. Current progress in flow cytometry allows a(More)
Successful response inhibition is associated with right-lateralized inferior frontal cortex (IFC) activity, and alcohol impairs this inhibitory control, thereby enhancing false-alarm responses in the Go/No-Go task. However, the neural correlates of effect of alcohol on response inhibition remain unclear. This study characterized the acute effects of alcohol(More)