Emi Kawashima

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SUMMARY We have succeeded in developing high-performance p-type of organic semiconductors with phenylethynyl groups, which have high filed-effect mobilities (> 3 cm 2 V −1 s −1) by improving molecular pla-narity. A single crystal of the organic semiconductors has a herringbone structure. It plays an important role for carrier transport. In addition, we(More)
OBJECTIVE Intraoperative auditory brainstem response (ABR)-monitoring is useful for hearing preservation in patients undergoing cerebellopontine angle surgery. Prolongation of the latency of wave V, for example, is observed under surgical stress such as cerebellar retraction. We analyzed intraoperative ABR findings to study the neurophysiological(More)
Two patients who received supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidoepiglottopexy to treat laryngeal cancers, underwent intra-operative electromyography analysis. After the lesion was removed and the electrodes were inserted into the remaining intrinsic laryngeal muscles, the depth of anaesthesia was carefully reduced. Gentle tactile stimulations were(More)
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