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A class of drugs in use for treating type II diabetes mellitus (T2D), typified by the pseudotetrasaccharide acarbose, act by inhibiting the alpha-glucosidase activity present in pancreatic secretions and in the brush border of the small intestine. Herein, we report the synthesis of a series of 4-substituted 1,2,3-triazoles conjugated with sugars, including(More)
Malaria remains an important health problem in tropical countries like Brazil. Thrombocytopenia is the most common hematological disturbance seen in malarial infection. Oxidative stress (OS) has been implicated as a possible mediator of thrombocytopenia in patients with malaria. This study aimed to investigate the role of OS in the thrombocytopenia of(More)
AIM Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD). Vitamin C and vitamin E are known to react with reactive oxygen species (ROS) blocking the propagation of radical reactions in a wide range of oxidative stress situations. The potential therapeutic efficacy of antioxidants in NAFLD is unknown. The aim(More)
The present study aimed to investigate in vitro biological activities of extract of Eugenia punicifolia leaves (EEP), emphasizing the inhibitory activity of enzymes related to metabolic syndrome and its antioxidant effects. The antioxidant activity was analyzed by free radicals scavengers in vitro assays: DPPH·, ABTS(·+), O2(·−), and NO· and a cell-based(More)
This paper describes the synthesis, antiplatelet and theoretical evaluations of 10 N-substituted-phenylamino-5-methyl-1H-1,2,3-triazole-4-carbohydrazides (2a-j). These compounds were synthesized, characterized and screened for their in vitro antiplatelet profile against human platelet aggregation using arachidonic acid, adrenaline and ADP as agonists. Among(More)
In the 18th century, Priestley, Scheele and Lavoisier discovered oxygen and reported its critical role and toxic effects in living organisms. In the last century, several studies highlighted the importance of biological oxidation for energy production by aerobic organisms, in defense and the elimination of drugs. Oxidation is mediated by oxidants and free(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Decoctions or infusions of the stem bark of Byrsonima japurensis A. Juss. (Malpighiaceae) are widely used as an anti-inflammatory drug in folk medicine of Amazonas State (Brazil). AIM OF THE STUDY To evaluate the pharmacological potential of an aqueous extract of the stem bark of Byrsonima japurensis (BJEA) to scientifically(More)
Leprosy, a chronic infectious disease, is caused by a Mycobacterium leprae infection. After India, Brazil has the second greatest number of cases in the world. Increase of oxidative stress and antioxidant deficiency are present in infected subjects and can be related to infection progression. We studied alterations in serum levels of lipid peroxidation(More)
A new indole alkaloid, 12-hydroxy-N-acetyl-21(N)-dehydroplumeran-18-oic acid (13), and 11 known indole alkaloids: 3,4,5,6-tetradehydro-β-yohimbine (3), 19(E)-hunteracine (4), β-yohimbine (5), yohimbine (6), 19,20-dehydro-17-α-yohimbine (7), uleine (10), 20-epi-dasycarpidone (11), olivacine (8), 20-epi-N-nor-dasycarpidone (14), N-demethyluleine (15) and(More)
Plasmodium vivax infection has been considered a benign and self-limiting disease, however, recent studies highlight the association between vivax malaria and life-threatening manifestations. Increase in reactive oxygen species has already been described in vivax malaria, as a result of the increased metabolic rate triggered by the multiplying parasite, and(More)