Learn More
PURPOSE Major barriers to effective adenovirus-based gene therapy include induction of an immune response and tumor-specific targeting of vectors. The use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) as systemic delivery vehicles for therapeutic genes has been proposed as a result of their combined ability to home in on the tumor site and evade the host immune response.(More)
BACKGROUND Whether the prognosis of invasive lobular carcinoma is different from that of other invasive breast cancers is controversial. The aim of this study was to compare the outcome in age- and stage-matched patients with lobular carcinoma and those with invasive breast cancer, and in particular to compare predictors of outcome. METHODS Data were(More)
PURPOSE Investigate circulating CCL5 in breast cancer patients and healthy controls, along with gene expression levels in corresponding tumour tissue and isolated primary stromal cells. Hormonal control of CCL5, and a potential relationship with TGFβ1, was also investigated. METHODS Circulating levels of CCL5 and TGFβ1 were measured in 102 breast cancer(More)
INTRODUCTION MiRNAs regulate gene expression by binding to target sites and initiating translational repression and/or mRNA degradation. Studies have shown that miR-21 exerts its oncogenic activity by targeting the PDCD4 tumour suppressor 3'-UTR. However, the mechanism of this regulation is poorly understood. In colorectal cancer, loss of PDCD4 has been(More)
INTRODUCTION The presence, relevance and regulation of the Sodium Iodide Symporter (NIS) in human mammary tissue remains poorly understood. This study aimed to quantify relative expression of NIS and putative regulators in human breast tissue, with relationships observed further investigated in vitro. METHODS Human breast tissue specimens (malignant n =(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent angiogenic cytokine produced physiologically by the uterus. Pathological secretion by tumours promotes growth and metastasis. High circulating VEGF levels potentially have a deleterious effect on breast cancer by promoting disease progression. The aims of this study were to investigate circulating VEGF(More)
Introduction The chemokines Stromal Cell-Derived Factor-1α (SDF-1α/CXCL12) and Monocyte Chemotactic Protein-1 (MCP-1/CCL2) have been implicated in breast cancer progression. We recently reported elevated systemic MCP-1 in breast cancer patients. This study investigated circulating levels of SDF-1α in breast cancer patients, and addressed potential hormonal(More)
  • 1