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Hematopoiesis is the process by which stem cells divide and differentiate to produce the multiple types of mature cells found in blood. The process begins in early embryonic development and continues throughout adult life, primarily in the bone marrow. Various in vivo and in vitro assays have been developed to detect and assess stem cells and early(More)
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) are therapeutically useful cells that are typically expanded in vitro on stiff substrata before reimplantation. Here we explore MSC mechanical and structural changes via atomic force microscopy and optical stretching during extended passaging, and we demonstrate that cytoskeletal organization and mechanical stiffness of(More)
The binding of ingested kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) lectins to the luminal surface of the rat gut was investigated by an indirect immunofluorescence method in which the primary antiserum was monospecific for kidney bean globulin lectins. The major lectin-positive sites were found to be the non-crypt regions of villi in the proximal region of the small(More)
For over 40 years, in vitro assays have been used to understand the complex system of hematopoiesis. Now, several of these assays are undergoing resurgence as scientists in academia and industry are discovering how these assays can be utilized in drug discovery and development. These assays use primary cells from various hematopoietic tissues in multiple(More)
Normal human and mouse bone marrow is composed of hematopoietic and nonhematopoietic cells. The latter have also been termed stromal cells, microenvironment cells, colony-forming-unit fibroblasts (CFU-F), and mesenchymal cells. These cells were originally thought to provide an appropriate matrix for hematopoietic cell development, but recent examination of(More)
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is an essential co-factor in glycolysis and is a key molecule involved in maintaining cellular energy metabolism. Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) catalyzes the rate-limiting step of an important salvage pathway in which nicotinamide is recycled into NAD. NAMPT is up-regulated in many types of cancer and(More)
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