Emel Çağlar

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BACKGROUND Better and more rapid tests are needed for the diagnosis of tuberculous pleural effusion (TPE), given the known limitations of conventional diagnostic tests. OBJECTIVES To estimate diagnostic accuracy of the QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) test (and its components) using data-derived cutoffs in pleural fluid. METHODS The QFT-GIT test(More)
INTRODUCTION The differential diagnosis of sarcoidosis creates a challange due to tuberculosis also having lung and lymph node involvement. Because both diseases show granulomatous inflammation, it may not be possible to distinguish tuberculosis and sarcoidosis in pathological specimens. As a result of the complexity in the differential diagnosis of(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory disease that leads to fixed narrowing of small airways and alveolar wall destruction (emphysema). This study was performed to test the association between MMP-7 (rs155668818) and MMP-12 (rs56184183) polymorphisms in the MMP-7 gene and COPD risk and its severity in the Turkish population.(More)
SETTING Twenty-four public tuberculosis dispensaries in Istanbul. OBJECTIVE To investigate microscopic examination of new pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) cases and treatment outcomes of smear-positive cases. DESIGN A retrospective analysis of 12572 new pulmonary tuberculosis cases between 1998 and 2000. METHODS Microscopic examination of sputum smears of(More)
AIM The early diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer are important for the prognosis of patients with lung cancer. This study was undertaken to investigate patient and doctor delays in the diagnosis and treatment of NSCLC and the factors affecting these delays. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 1016 patients, including 926 (91.1%) males and 90 (8.9%)(More)
Background: To search the reliability of palpation technique in measuring tuberculin skin test and to compare the palpation technique with the ballpoint-pen technique. Materials and Methods: Setting: A dormitory for high school students. Participants: A total of 230 students were analyzed in this study; all of them were male and their ages ranged between 16(More)
AIM The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of comorbidities in very elderly patients hospitalized as a result of acute respiratory diseases and to analyze sex-specific differences, and to examine the effects of these comorbidities on their treatment outcomes. METHODS A total of 3316 patients were admitted to our pulmonary inpatient(More)
INTRODUCTION Recent articles revealed that an increased main pulmonary artery to ascending aorta ratio (PA/A) in thorax computed tomography (CT) correlated with pulmonary hypertension, and might be linked to a high probability of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations. OBJECTIVES In this study, our aim was to evaluate the clinical(More)
SETTING Sarcoidosis and tuberculosis share notable clinical, radiological, histological, and immunological similarities. The importance of vitamin D has long been investigated in these two granulomatous lung diseases. Cathelicidin is an antimicrobial peptide of the innate immune system, directly induced by vitD3. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the role of(More)
Tuberculosis is a major public health problem and it may be complicated by multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). Wide transmission among immunocompetent contacts of the index case is possible. If you detect tuberculosis in two contacts of the index case, it is called an outbreak. The aim of our paper is to evaluate the characteristics of a MDR-TB(More)
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