Emanuelle Trannoy

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Although it is generally recognized that the function of the immune system declines with age, the nature of the underlying defects is still poorly understood. We now demonstrate the predominance of CD8(+)CD28(-) T cell clonal expansions in elderly persons who fail to produce specific Abs following influenza vaccination. These clones express effector cell(More)
We have used spring powered jet injectors to deliver a solution of a naked DNA vaccine encoding the influenza hemagglutinin HA into the skin of mice and monkeys. We compared the immune responses induced by this needleless injection technique into the skin to the responses induced by a classical i.m. immunization. Both routes of immunization induced(More)
To investigate the immune response to amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta: Abeta40 and Abeta42) in peripheral human blood, sera were obtained from 36 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and 34 age-matched controls. ELISA assays were used to measure antibody concentrations to Abeta-peptides. T cell response was assessed using a lymphoproliferation assay. Both AD(More)
Immunization with a tetanus-protein (TT) pneumococcal polysaccharide (PPS) conjugate vaccine (Pnc1-TT) induces protective immunity against lethal pneumococcal infections in neonatal and infant mice, but anti-PPS IgG response and protective efficacy is lower than in adult mice. Here, we show that reduced antibody (Ab) response and protection against(More)
Pharmacologic gene regulation is a key technology, necessary to achieve safe, long-term gene transfer. The approaches described in the scientific literature all share in common the creation of artificial transcription factors by fusing a DNA-binding domain, a drug-binding domain and a transcription activation domain. These transcription factors activate the(More)
Background and rationale Since Looney at al. published their seminal paper a decade ago [1] it has become clear that many of the differences in T cell immunological parameters observed between young and old people are related to the ageassociated increasing prevalence of infection with the persistent b-herpesvirus HHV-5 (Cytomegalovirus). Ten years later,(More)
We prepared a series of cationic lipid vesicles comprising a cationic cholesterol derivative, DC-Chol with or without a neutral phospholipid, DOPC or DOPE. The vesicles were tested for their ability to bind and adjuvant split inactivated influenza vaccines. We found that DC-Chol-containing liposomes are capable to strongly bind influenza vaccine antigens(More)
Decreased cell-mediated immune (CMI) response to varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is correlated with an increased risk of reactivation of latent virus from dorsal root sites, leading to herpes zoster. The cell-mediated and humoral immunogenicity of three concentrations (3200, 8500, and 41,650 pfu/dose) of a live attenuated VZV vaccine (Oka strain; VZV/Oka) was(More)
The membrane displayed antigen haemagglutinin (HA) from several influenza strains were expressed in the Leishmania tarentolae system. This non-conventional expression system based on a parasite of lizards, can be readily propagated to high cell density (>10(8)cells/mL) in a simple incubator at 26°C. The genes encoding HA proteins were cloned from six(More)
After primary infection in childhood, varicella zoster virus (VZV) remains latent in the dorsal route ganglia. Its reactivation later in life can lead to a zoster episode. VZV-specific, T-cell-mediated immunity (VZV-CMI) is likely to be important in preventing symptomatic reactivation. As CMI declines with age, a vaccine enhancing VZV-CMI might be effective(More)