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To investigate the immune response to amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta: Abeta40 and Abeta42) in peripheral human blood, sera were obtained from 36 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and 34 age-matched controls. ELISA assays were used to measure antibody concentrations to Abeta-peptides. T cell response was assessed using a lymphoproliferation assay. Both AD(More)
Although it is generally recognized that the function of the immune system declines with age, the nature of the underlying defects is still poorly understood. We now demonstrate the predominance of CD8(+)CD28(-) T cell clonal expansions in elderly persons who fail to produce specific Abs following influenza vaccination. These clones express effector cell(More)
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Pharmacologic gene regulation is a key technology, necessary to achieve safe, long-term gene transfer. The approaches described in the scientific literature all share in common the creation of artificial transcription factors by fusing a DNA-binding domain, a drug-binding domain and a transcription activation domain. These transcription factors activate the(More)
Decreased cell-mediated immune (CMI) response to varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is correlated with an increased risk of reactivation of latent virus from dorsal root sites, leading to herpes zoster. The cell-mediated and humoral immunogenicity of three concentrations (3200, 8500, and 41,650 pfu/dose) of a live attenuated VZV vaccine (Oka strain; VZV/Oka) was(More)
We prepared a series of cationic lipid vesicles comprising a cationic cholesterol derivative, DC-Chol with or without a neutral phospholipid, DOPC or DOPE. The vesicles were tested for their ability to bind and adjuvant split inactivated influenza vaccines. We found that DC-Chol-containing liposomes are capable to strongly bind influenza vaccine antigens(More)
After primary infection in childhood, varicella zoster virus (VZV) remains latent in the dorsal route ganglia. Its reactivation later in life can lead to a zoster episode. VZV-specific, T-cell-mediated immunity (VZV-CMI) is likely to be important in preventing symptomatic reactivation. As CMI declines with age, a vaccine enhancing VZV-CMI might be effective(More)
The aim of vaccination is to rapidly elicit protective immunity and generate memory for sustained protection. We studied the induction and persistence of polysaccharide (PS)-specific memory in neonatal and infant mice primed with pneumococcal conjugate (Pnc1-TT) by assessing the response to native pneumococcal PS (PPS-1), the kinetics of the PPS-1-specific(More)
Polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs) from healthy donors and differentiated HL-60 cells were compared in an opsonophagocytic assay using fluorescent latex beads coated with Streptococcus pneumoniae polysaccharide conjugates. Serum-specific phagocytosis was efficiently mediated by both sources of cells, as measured by flow cytometry, but the mean number of beads(More)
The immature state of the immune system of neonates makes them vulnerable to infectious agents, including Streptococcus pneumoniae. The aim of our study was to analyse and compare the effects of Escherichia coli heat-labile enterototoxin (LT)-K63 and CpG2006 on cells and key molecules of the neonatal immune system, using a previously established(More)