Emanuele Sher

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Positive allosteric modulators of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) have attracted considerable interest as potential tools for the treatment of neurological and psychiatric disorders such as Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia. However, despite the potential therapeutic usefulness of these compounds, little is known about their mechanism(More)
alpha4 and beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunits expressed heterologously assemble into receptors with high (HS) and low (LS) sensitivity to acetylcholine (ACh); their relative proportions depend on the alpha4to beta2 ratio. In this study, injection of oocytes with 1:10 alpha4/beta2 subunit cDNA ratios favored expression of HS alpha4beta2(More)
A regulatory cascade, initiated during the syncytial stage of embryogenesis, culminates in the striped pattern of engrailed gene expression at the cellular blastoderm stage. The early regulatory genes, for example the pair-rule genes, are expressed transiently and as their products decay a distinct regulatory programme involving segment polarity genes takes(More)
We have investigated the kinetics, permeability and pharmacological properties of Ca channels in in vitro differentiated IMR32 human neuroblastoma cells. The lowthreshold (LVA, T) Ca current activated positive to −50 mV and inactivated fully within 100 ms in a voltage-dependent manner. This current persisted in the presence of 3.2 μM ω-conotoxin (ω-CgTx) or(More)
Sazetidine-A has been recently proposed to be a "silent desensitizer" of alpha4beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), implying that it desensitizes alpha4beta2 nAChRs without first activating them. This unusual pharmacological property of sazetidine-A makes it, potentially, an excellent research tool to distinguish between the role of activation(More)
The effects of 5-hydroxyindole (5-HI) have been investigated on human alpha 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) expressed in Xenopus oocytes and GH4 cells, on native alpha 7 nAChRs expressed by IMR-32 cells and on alpha 7 nAChR-mediated events in mossy fibre-granule cell synapses in rat cerebellar slices. In oocytes expressing alpha 7 nAChRs, 5-HI(More)
Acetylcholine (ACh) is an important neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain; it is implicated in arousal, learning, and other cognitive functions. Recent studies indicate that nicotinic receptors contribute to these cholinergic effects, in addition to the established role of muscarinic receptors. In the hippocampus, where cholinergic involvement in learning(More)
The nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) alpha9 and alpha10 subunits are expressed primarily within hair cells of the inner ear and have been implicated in auditory processing. Although functional recombinant nAChRs generated by the coexpression of alpha9 and alpha10 in Xenopus laevis oocytes have been described previously, there have been no reports of(More)
The molecular identity of a gene which encodes the pore-forming subunit (alpha1G) of a member of the family of low-voltage-activated, T-type, voltage-dependent calcium channels has been described recently. Although northern mRNA analyses have shown alpha1G to be expressed predominantly in the brain, the detailed cellular distribution of this protein in the(More)
Here we report the discovery, by high-throughput screening, of three novel (2-amino-5-keto)thiazole compounds that act as selective potentiators of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Compound selectivity was assessed at seven human nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (alpha1beta1gammadelta, alpha2beta4, alpha3beta2, alpha3beta4, alpha4beta2, alpha4beta4, and(More)