Emanuele Kuhn

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Apoptosis of infected cells is an important host defense mechanism, and many viruses have exploited antiapoptotic proteins that interfere with crucial cellular pathways. Viral FLICE inhibitory proteins (vFLIPs) are encoded by rhadinoviruses like herpesvirus saimiri, the related Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus-human herpesvirus 8 (KSHV/HHV8), and the(More)
The nef gene of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) is essential for high viral load and induction of AIDS in rhesus monkeys. A mutant form of the SIVmac239 Nef, which contains changes in a putative SH3-binding domain (amino acids 104 and 107 have been changed from PxxP to AxxA), does not associate with cellular serine/threonine kinases, but is fully active(More)
Convincing data on experimental vaccines against AIDS have been obtained in the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) macaque model by preinfection with a virus attenuated by a nef deletion. To investigate the efficacy of a nef deletion mutant of SIVmac32H called pC8 as a live-attenuated vaccine after shorter preinfection periods and to learn more about the(More)
Faeces of immunocompromised patients are often contaminated with the chitin-containing spores of microsporidia and Candida, which exclude the use of the chitin-specific fluorescent brightener Calcofluor white M2R for the identification of microsporidian spores. We developed a combination staining of Calcofluor white M2R with modified trichrome-blue staining(More)
A limited period of chemotherapy during primary immunodeficiency virus infection might provide a long-term clinical benefit even if treatment is initiated at a time point when virus is already detectable in plasma. To evaluate this strategy, we infected rhesus macaques with the pathogenic simian/human immunodeficiency virus RT-SHIV and treated them with the(More)
Enterocytozoon bieneusi is emerging as an important cause of chronic diarrhoea in AIDS patients. Its reservoirs and transmission patterns are unknown. In this study, we have examined E. bieneusi sequences from four Rhesus macaques of different origin, which were kept at one animal facility. The sequences were identical in all animals, which suggested that(More)
Variants of the pathogenic SIVmac239 clone with changes in Nef were analyzed to assess the functional relevance of two highly conserved regions in Nef in vitro and in vivo. Changes in a region with an acidic charge (Aci-Nef), or a potential protein kinase C phosphorylation site (PKC-Nef), impaired the ability of Nef to down-regulate CD4 and MHC class I(More)
Understanding the behavior of proteins under freezing conditions is vital for detecting and locating extraterrestrial life in cold environments, such as those found on Mars and the icy moons of Jupiter and Saturn. This review highlights the importance of studying psychrophilic "cold-shock" proteins, a topic that has yet to be explored. A strategy for(More)
Combination chemotherapy using potent anti-retroviral agents has led to significant advances in the clinical management of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease. However, the emergence of multiple drug-resistant mutants, the high need for compliance to adhere to demanding drug-dosing schemes, and the remaining toxic side-effects of drugs make the(More)
In humans infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), clinical disease due to human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection is one of the AIDS-defining diseases; HCMV is the most common opportunistic infection found postmortem. Histologically, the typical lesions are characterized by "owl's eye cells." In rhesus monkeys infected with simian(More)