Emanuele Kuhn

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Toluene and m-xylene were rapidly mineralized in an anaerobic laboratory aquifer column operated under continuous-flow conditions with nitrate as an electron acceptor. The oxidation of toluene and m-xylene was coupled with the reduction of nitrate, and mineralization was confirmed by trapping 14CO2 evolved from 14C-ring-labeled substrates. Substrate(More)
Up to 0.4 mM 1,3-dimethylbenzene (m-xylene) was rapidly mineralized in a laboratory aquifer column operated in the absence of molecular oxygen with nitrate as an electron acceptor. Under continuous flow conditions, the degradation rate constant (pseudo-first order) was >0.45 h. Based on a carbon mass balance with [ring-C]m-xylene and a calculation of the(More)
When di-, tri-, and tetrachloroaniline were incubated in methanogenic groundwater slurries, they were reductively dehalogenated by the aquifer microbiota. 2,3,4-Trichloroaniline was metabolized by two pathways. Primary dehalogenation occurred at either the meta or ortho position of this substrate to form 2,4- and 3,4-dichloroaniline, respectively. The(More)
The permanent ice cover of Lake Vida (Antarctica) encapsulates an extreme cryogenic brine ecosystem (-13 °C; salinity, 200). This aphotic ecosystem is anoxic and consists of a slightly acidic (pH 6.2) sodium chloride-dominated brine. Expeditions in 2005 and 2010 were conducted to investigate the biogeochemistry of Lake Vida's brine system. A(More)
Alkane monooxygenases (Alk) are the key enzymes for alkane degradation. In order to understand the dispersion and diversity of alk genes in Antarctic marine environments, this study analysed by clone libraries the presence and diversity of alk genes (alkB and alkM) in sediments from Admiralty Bay, King George Island, Peninsula Antarctica. The results show a(More)
The biodegradation of hydroxybenzoate isomers was investigated with samples obtained from two sites within a shallow anoxic aquifer. The metabolic fates of the substrates were compared in denitrifying, sulfate-reducing, and methanogenic incubations. Under the latter two conditions, phenol was detected as a major intermediate of p-hydroxybenzoate, but no(More)
The anoxic and freezing brine that permeates Lake Vida's perennial ice below 16 m contains an abundance of very small (≤0.2-μm) particles mixed with a less abundant population of microbial cells ranging from >0.2 to 1.5 μm in length. Fluorescent DNA staining, electron microscopy (EM) observations, elemental analysis, and extraction of high-molecular-weight(More)
Of 29 patients examined operation revealed a malignant tumor in 9 and a benign insulinoma in 18, 2 insulinomas were not found. The problems of preoperative tumor localization were limited to small insulinomas (size 7-35 mm). Ultrasound detected all of 3 insulinomas as low echogenic structures (size 7, 8, 17 mm). Computed tomography demonstrated 4 of 5(More)
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