Emanuele Galante

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Between 1982 and 1990, 321 elderly patients (range 70-92 years, median age 77) with operable breast cancer (T1 in 219, T2 in 77, T3 in one and T4b in 24 patients) and clinically uninvolved axillary nodes underwent surgery without axillary dissection and received adjuvant tamoxifen. All patients had surgery performed under local anaesthesia. Tamoxifen was(More)
BACKGROUND Axillary dissection in elderly patients with early-stage breast carcinoma who do not have palpable axillary lymph nodes is controversial because of the associated morbidity of the surgery, reduced life expectancy of the patients, and efficacy of hormone therapy in preventing recurrences and axillary events. METHODS The authors performed a(More)
A case of secondary transient pseudohypoaldosteronism (PHA) in a three-month-old infant who had arrived in emergency conditions is reported. Clinically the patient presented dehydration associated with salt loss, metabolic acidosis, severe hyperkalemia, markedly elevated levels both of plasma renin activity and aldosterone concentration. Biochemical and(More)
The Advanced Breast Biopsy Instrumentation (ABBI) system, which uses surgical cannulas up to 20 mm in diameter, is an alternative to conventional surgical biopsy for the diagnosis of non-palpable breast lesions. Since the need for radiological skill outweighs the surgical content of the technique, we evaluated the feasibility of complete management of the(More)
It has been proposed that knowledge of estrogen receptor beta (ER-beta) expression may refine estrogen receptor alpha (ER-alpha) predictivity of response to endocrine therapy. We challenged this hypothesis in ER-alpha-positive breast cancers subjected to preoperative antiestrogen treatment. Forty-seven elderly (> or =65 years old) women with nonmetastatic,(More)
Between March 1982 and May 1989, 151 women with primary breast cancer ranging in age from 70 to 91 years (median 79), were treated with conservative surgical procedure followed by adjuvant tamoxifen. Surgery was performed under local anaesthesia without axillary node dissection. The median duration of follow-up was 60 months (range 36-124). There were six(More)
Over a 7-year period, in 408 patients aged 70 years or more, 413 early breast cancers were treated as follows: quadrantectomy, axillary dissection, and radiotherapy (QUART) in 142 patients, wide lumpectomy plus radiotherapy extended to the axilla in case of palpable nodes (WLRT) in 45 patients and wide lumpectomy alone in 221 patients. Postoperative(More)
Between 1982 and 1988, 111 elderly women with breast cancer but without clinical involvement of the axillary lymph nodes underwent wide lumpectomy in a Day Hospital regimen at the National Cancer Institute of Milan. The patients ranged in age from 70 to 92 years (median, 79). An adjuvant treatment was carried out in all but 9 cases: tamoxifen only in 84(More)
The doubling time (DT) of 196 consecutive breast cancers was studied by means of a double mammographic examination (average time between the 2 mammographies, 30 days) and calculated with the formula of exponential growth. On the basis of DT values the case series was divided into 3 groups of growth: fast (DT from 1 to 30 days), 31 cases (15.8%),(More)
BACKGROUND There currently is no agreement regarding the appropriate treatment of elderly patients with advanced breast carcinoma (ABC). Doxifluridine (5-dFUR), a prodrug of 5-fluorouracil, has been found to be effective in this entity, but its use is limited by neurotoxicity and cardiotoxicity that are not observed when the oral formulation is used. The(More)