Emanuele Dragonetti

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Human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV1) infection is associated with severe psoriasis, B cell lymphoma, and Kaposi's sarcoma. A deregulated production of interleukin 6 (IL-6) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of these diseases. The molecular mechanisms underlying the abnormal IL-6 secretion of HIV1-infected cells may include transactivation of the IL-6(More)
We report the characterization of a CAAT enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP) (NF-IL6) element encompassing the region from -174 to -166 of the U3 long terminal repeat (LTR) region of HIV-1. This C/EBP cis sequence was found to bind to C/EBPbeta and C/EBPdelta factors in DNA band shift assay. Transfection of NTera-2 cells with a HIV-1-LTR CAT construct(More)
Apoptosis protease-activating factor-1 (Apaf-1) is a key regulator of the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway, being the central element of the multimeric apoptosome formed by procaspase 9, cytochrome c, and Apaf-1 itself. In this review, the principal aspects about Apaf-1 gene structure and function, and its role in the apoptotic machinery, are described.(More)
APAF-1 plays a pivotal role in mitochondria-dependent apoptosis, binding to cytochrome c and favoring activation of caspase-9. It has been shown that epigenetic silencing of the APAF-1 gene is a common event in several metastatic melanoma cells in vitro. We determined, by Western blot, variation in the level of expression of APAF-1 in several human melanoma(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer is one of the most difficult current health challenges, being responsible for millions of deaths yearly. Systemic chemotherapy is the most common therapeutic approach, and the prevailing orientation calls for the administration of the maximum tolerated dose; however, considerable limitations exist including toxicities to healthy tissues(More)
The 5'-untranslated leader region of human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV-1), includes a complex array of putative regulatory elements whose role in the viral expression is not completely understood. Here we demonstrate the presence of an NF-kappaB-responsive element in the trans-activation response (TAR) region of HIV-1 that confers the full induction(More)
The activation of the human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV-1) by the DNA alkylating agents ethyl methanesulfonate, methyl methanesulfonate, and mitomycin C was observed in human B lymphocytes transiently transfected with plasmids in which the HIV-1 long terminal repeat (LTR) directed the expression of the bacterial chloramphenicol acetyltransferase(More)
The AP-2 transcription factor plays a pivotal role in regulating the expression of several genes involved in tumor growth and progression of melanoma. We determined, by Western blot, variation in the level of expression of AP-2 and three of its downstream targets, c-kit, E-cadherin, and p21 in several human melanoma cell lines and, by immunohistochemistry,(More)
BACKGROUND New generations of image-based diagnostic machines are based on digital technologies for data acquisition; consequently, the diffusion of digital archiving systems for diagnostic exams preservation and cataloguing is rapidly increasing. To overcome the limits of current state of art text-based access methods, we have developed a novel(More)
Mucosal melanomas account for 1% of all malignant melanomas in humans. Treatment options include surgery, chemotherapy, immunotherapy and radiation therapy; however, local recurrence and distant dissemination are still frequent. We treated locally aggressive spontaneous canine oral melanomas that, because of their advanced stage, were not treatable with(More)