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AIM Rectal cancer staging represents a crucial step to select the best treatment for this tumour. Particularly after neo-adjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT), it may influence the surgical procedure (e.g. radical resection vs. local excision). The aim of this study was to determine the best lymph node size cut-off at computed tomography (CT) to predict nodal(More)
PURPOSE The risk of cancer or severe polyposis of the rectal stump after total colectomy for MutYH-associated polyposis is scarcely defined. To evaluate this risk, we describe the findings of endoscopic surveillance of the rectal stump in a series of patients with biallelic MutYH mutations and polyposis. METHODS This is a retrospective, observational,(More)
PURPOSE The Bethesda guidelines suggest to perform microsatellite instability (MSI) test in early onset rectal cancer and not in patients>50 years with proximal colon cancer. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether the risk of high MSI (MSI-H) is greater in proximal colon cancer of patients 51-60 years old than in early-onset rectal cancer. METHODS(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to evaluate factors associated with pathologic tumor response following pre-operative chemoradiation therapy, and the prognostic impact of pathologic response on overall and disease-free survival. METHODS Between 1994 and 2002, 132 patients underwent chemoradiation therapy followed by surgery for middle to lower rectal(More)
UNLABELLED Tumour microsatellite instability (MSI) is useful in identifying patients with hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) with defective DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes. A reference Bethesda panel has limitations resulting from the inclusion of dinucleotide markers, which are less sensitive and specific for detection of tumours with MMR(More)
BACKGROUND Oxaliplatin (OXA) significantly enhanced the antitumour activity of 5-fluorouracil (FUra) in patients with advanced colorectal cancer and displayed radiosensitising properties in preclinical studies. This study was thus performed to test the feasibility, identify the recommended doses (RDs) and explore preliminarily the clinical activity of(More)
AIMS To investigate early and late complications in 44 patients with locally advanced mid-low rectal cancer enrolled in a phase I-II study, who had received an aggressive chemoradiation treatment (50.4Gy/28F; 5-FU continuous infusion and weekly Oxaliplatin) followed by total mesorectal excision and 5-FU based postoperative chemotherapy. The aim of the(More)
BACKGROUND We undertook this study to evaluate early surgical complications and long-term results after preoperative radiotherapy and chemotherapy (RCT) using 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and oxaliplatin (OXA) for rectal cancer. METHODS Forty six TNM stage II-III rectal cancer patients were studied, who were given preoperative RT (50.4 Gy/28 fractions) combined(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic screening in families with high risk to develop colorectal cancer (CRC) prevents incurable disease and permits personalized therapeutic and follow-up strategies. The advancement of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies has revolutionized the throughput of DNA sequencing. METHODS A series of 16 probands for either familial(More)
BACKGROUND Attenuated familial adenomatous polyposis (AFAP) is characterized by the presence of 10-99 colorectal adenomas. The disease may be associated with mutations in either APC or MUTYH genes. We purposed to evaluate the contribution of adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) and MutY homologue (MUTYH) germline alterations to the AFAP phenotype and to(More)