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Identification of metabolic biotransformations can significantly affect the drug discovery process. Since bioavailability, activity, toxicity, distribution, and final elimination all depend on metabolic biotransformations, it would be extremely advantageous if this information could be produced early in the discovery phase. Once obtained, this information(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Previous studies have pointed to the plant flavonoids myricetin and quercetin as two structurally related stimulators of vascular Ca(v) 1.2 channel current (I(Ca1.2) ). Here we have tested the proposition that the flavonoid structure confers the ability to modulate Ca(v) 1.2 channels. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Twenty-four flavonoids(More)
The increasing resistance to antibacterials commonly employed in the clinic and the growth of multidrug resistant strains suggest that the development of new therapeutic approaches should be of primary concern. In this context, EPIs may restore life to old drugs. In the present work, the EPI activity of the COX-2 inhibitor celecoxib was confirmed and a new(More)
The thiopyranopyridine moiety was synthesized as a new heterocyclic base to be inserted at the C-7 position of selected quinolone nuclei followed by a determination of antibacterial activity against strains of Staphylococcus aureus. Selected thiopyranopyridinylquinolones showed significant antimicrobial activity, including strains having mutations in gyrA(More)
The performance of FLAP (Fingerprints for Ligands and Proteins) in virtual screening is assessed using a subset of the DUD (Directory of Useful Decoys) benchmarking data set containing 13 targets each with more than 15 different chemotype classes. A variety of ligand and receptor-based virtual screening approaches are examined, using combinations of(More)
Many enzymes and proteins are regulated by their quaternary structure and/or by their association in homo- and/or hetero-oligomer complexes. Thus, these protein-protein interactions can be good targets for blocking or modulating protein function therapeutically. The large number of oligomeric structures in the Protein Data Bank (http://www.rcsb.org/)(More)
Through the years the GRID force field has been tuned to fit experimental observations in crystal structures. This paper describes the determination of the hydrogen bonding pattern for organic fluorines based on an exhaustive inspection of the Protein Data Bank. All the PDB complexes, whose protein structures have cocrystallized fluorine-containing ligands,(More)
P-glycoprotein (Pgp or ABCB1) is an ABC transporter protein involved in intestinal absorption, drug metabolism, and brain penetration, and its inhibition can seriously alter a drug's bioavailability and safety. In addition, inhibitors of Pgp can be used to overcome multidrug resistance. Given this dual purpose, reliable in silico procedures to predict Pgp(More)
We examined the relationship between sedation and orthostatic hypotension, two central side effects and ABCB1 transporter-mediated efflux for a set of 64 launched drugs that are documented as histamine H1 receptor antagonists. This relationship was placed in the context of passive diffusion (estimated using LogP, the octanol/water partition coefficient),(More)
Ligand- (GRIND) and structure-based (GLUE/GRIND) 3D-QSAR approaches were compared for 55 (aryl-)bridged 2-aminobenzonitriles inhibiting HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (HIV-1 RT). The ligand-based model was built from conformers selected by in vacuo minimization. The available X-ray structure of 3v in complex with HIV-1 RT allowed comparative structure-based(More)