Emanuele Carosati

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Identification of metabolic biotransformations can significantly affect the drug discovery process. Since bioavailability, activity, toxicity, distribution, and final elimination all depend on metabolic biotransformations, it would be extremely advantageous if this information could be produced early in the discovery phase. Once obtained, this information(More)
The increasing resistance to antibacterials commonly employed in the clinic and the growth of multidrug resistant strains suggest that the development of new therapeutic approaches should be of primary concern. In this context, EPIs may restore life to old drugs. In the present work, the EPI activity of the COX-2 inhibitor celecoxib was confirmed and a new(More)
P-glycoprotein (Pgp or ABCB1) is an ABC transporter protein involved in intestinal absorption, drug metabolism, and brain penetration, and its inhibition can seriously alter a drug's bioavailability and safety. In addition, inhibitors of Pgp can be used to overcome multidrug resistance. Given this dual purpose, reliable in silico procedures to predict Pgp(More)
Through the years the GRID force field has been tuned to fit experimental observations in crystal structures. This paper describes the determination of the hydrogen bonding pattern for organic fluorines based on an exhaustive inspection of the Protein Data Bank. All the PDB complexes, whose protein structures have cocrystallized fluorine-containing ligands,(More)
Four novel inhibitors of the NorA efflux pump of Staphylococcus aureus, discovered through a virtual screening process, are reported. The four compounds belong to different chemical classes and were tested for their in vitro ability to block the efflux of a well-known NorA substrate, as well as for their ability to potentiate the effect of ciprofloxacin(More)
Many enzymes and proteins are regulated by their quaternary structure and/or by their association in homo- and/or hetero-oligomer complexes. Thus, these protein-protein interactions can be good targets for blocking or modulating protein function therapeutically. The large number of oligomeric structures in the Protein Data Bank (http://www.rcsb.org/)(More)
The performance of FLAP (Fingerprints for Ligands and Proteins) in virtual screening is assessed using a subset of the DUD (Directory of Useful Decoys) benchmarking data set containing 13 targets each with more than 15 different chemotype classes. A variety of ligand and receptor-based virtual screening approaches are examined, using combinations of(More)
The thiopyranopyridine moiety was synthesized as a new heterocyclic base to be inserted at the C-7 position of selected quinolone nuclei followed by a determination of antibacterial activity against strains of Staphylococcus aureus. Selected thiopyranopyridinylquinolones showed significant antimicrobial activity, including strains having mutations in gyrA(More)
Ligand-based virtual screening approaches were applied to search for new chemotype KCOs activating Kir6.2/SUR1 KATP channels. A total of 65 208 commercially available compounds, extracted from the ZINC archive, served as database for screening. In a first step, pharmacokinetic filtering via VolSurf reduced the initial database to 1913 compounds. Afterward,(More)
1,4-Dihydropyridines were introduced in the last century for the treatment of coronary diseases. Then medicinal chemists decorated the 1,4-DHP nucleus, the most studied scaffold among L-type calcium channel blockers, achieving diverse activities at several receptors, channels and enzymes. We already described (Ioan et al. Curr. Med. Chem. 2011, 18,(More)