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OBJECTIVE To trace growth charts for height, weight and body mass index (BMI) that apply to the whole Italian population. Different charts were drawn for central-north and south Italy since children in central-north regions are known to be taller and leaner. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING A sample of schoolchildren covering 16 of the 20 Italian(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effectiveness of luteinising hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) analogues in improving final height in girls affected by early puberty. PATIENTS Forty six consecutive girls with onset of puberty aged 7.5-8.5 years randomly divided into two groups: one treated with 3.75 mg triptorelin intramuscularly every four weeks (group 1); and the(More)
The aim of this study is to extend to pre-school ages the Italian Society for Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes (SIEDP)-2002 growth charts for height, weight and body mass index (BMI), to obtain charts (SIEDP-2006) that apply to the Italian population from 2 to 20 yr of age, taken as a whole, or separately in two geographical areas (Central-North Italy(More)
Age-related changes in uterine and ovarian morphology and size were studied in 114 normal premenarcheal girls using a real-time mechanical sector scanner. Reference growth values were obtained for total uterine length, anteroposterior diameters of the corpus and cervix, corpus/cervix ratio, and uterine and ovarian volumes. Up to 7 years of age uterine size(More)
A total of 478 patients, mean age 15.5 (3.6-25.3) years, suffering from Turner's syndrome, were studied in order to determine the frequency of autoimmune thyroiditis, which is defined as the presence of antithyroid antibodies (AT-Ab) and typical ultrasound findings. We found 106 (22.2%) patients positive for AT-Ab and of those 49 (10%) also had positive(More)
As survival rates for childhood cancer have improved, the importance of assessing gonadal dysfunction caused by alkylating agents and radiotherapy in children treated for cancer has increased. Infertility is the major long-term side effect of chemotherapy (CT) in males, whereas Leydig cell function is less affected. Our studies confirm that prepuberty does(More)
The preferential association between Turner's syndrome and congenital heart defects (CHD) have been well known since the first description by Morgagni. There are few studies about the different cardiologic problems stemming from different chromosomal patterns of X monosomies. We reviewed a large series of 136 patients with Turner syndrome without(More)
We studied spontaneous growth and pubertal development in 205 girls with Turner's syndrome, aged 1 month to 28.16 years, according to different karyotypes: 45,X (52%), X-mosaicism (12%), X-structural abnormalities (36%). Data on height, weight, height velocity, bone age and pubertal development were collected yearly in a mixed longitudinal and(More)
OBJECTIVE Comparative study of the incidence of classic 21-hydroxylase deficiency congenital adrenal hyperplasia (21ase-def CAH) and clinical findings of affected infants diagnosed via newborn screening versus case survey only in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. METHODS Neonatal mass screening (from March 1980 to September 1983-Period A, and from March(More)
We review briefly the definition of central precocious puberty (CPP), and discuss early puberty and very early puberty. The association of hypothalamic hamartoma and empty sella with CPP is described. The contribution of new imaging techniques - CT, MRI and ultrasound in the differential diagnosis of CPP is discussed.