Emanuela Ottaviani

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The FIP1L1-PDGFRA fusion gene is a recurrent molecular lesion in eosinophilia-associated myeloproliferative disorders, predicting a favorable response to imatinib mesylate. To investigate its prevalence, 376 patients with persistent unexplained hypereosinophilia were screened by the United Kingdom reference laboratory, revealing 40 positive cases (11%). To(More)
Ikaros plays an important role in the control of differentiation and proliferation of all lymphoid lineages. The expression of short isoforms lacking DNA-binding motifs alters the differentiation capacities of hematopoietic progenitors, arresting lineage commitment. We sought to determine whether molecular abnormalities involving the IKZF1 gene were(More)
BACKGROUND The immunoregulatory enzyme indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase, which catalyzes the conversion of tryptophan into kynurenine, is expressed in a significant subset of patients with acute myeloid leukemia, resulting in the inhibition of T-cell proliferation and the induction of regulatory T cells. Acute myeloid leukemia cells can be differentiated into(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) may be associated with the fusion of the platelet derived growth factor receptor a (PDGFRalpha) gene with the FIP1L1 gene in chromosome 4 coding for a constitutively activated PDGFRalpha tyrosine kinase. These cases with FIP1L1-PDGFRalpha rearrangement have been reported to be very sensitive to(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The ETV6 gene undergoes rearrangements with tyrosine kinases in hematologic malignancies and solid tumors. ETV6/ABL1 chimeric proteins have been detected both in lymphoid and myeloid disorders. Our objective was to study two new cases of ETV6/ABL1-positive acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and to focus on bone marrow morphology and on(More)
The BCR-ABL1 fusion gene defines the subgroup of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with the worst clinical prognosis. To identify oncogenic lesions that combine with BCR-ABL1 to cause ALL, we used Affymetrix Genome-Wide Human SNP arrays (250K NspI and SNP 6.0), fluorescence in situ hybridization, and genomic polymerase chain reaction to study 106 cases of(More)
BACKGROUND Deletions of IKAROS (IKZF1) frequently occur in B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) but the mechanisms by which they influence pathogenesis are unclear. To address this issue, a cohort of 144 adult B-ALL patients (106 BCR-ABL1-positive and 38 B-ALL negative for known molecular rearrangements) was screened for IKZF1 deletions by(More)
BACKGROUND Ikaros is the prototypic member of a Kruppel-like zinc finger transcription factor subfamily that is required for normal hematopoietic cell differentiation and proliferation, particularly in the lymphoid lineages. Alternative splicing can generate multiple Ikaros isoforms that lack different numbers of exons and have different functions. Shorter(More)
We used a sensitive real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assay to quantify cyclin D1 mRNA levels in bone marrow samples collected at diagnosis from 74 newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) patients who were randomized to undergo either single or double autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation as part of first-line therapy(More)
NPM1 mutations have been reported to be the most frequent mutations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). They are associated with a wide spectrum of morphologic subtypes of AML, normal karyotype and FLT3 mutations. The high frequency of NPM1 mutations might provide a suitable marker for monitoring residual disease of AML.