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MAGE, BAGE and GAGE genes encode tumor-associated antigens that are presented by HLA class I molecules and recognized by CD8(+) cytolytic T lymphocytes. These antigens are currently regarded as promising targets for active, specific tumor immunotherapy because MAGE, BAGE and GAGE genes are expressed in many human cancers of different histotype and are(More)
The incidence of second malignant neoplasms (SMNs) was investigated among 1,988 patients with complete data, enrolled in the SIOP Wilms tumor trials and studies 1, 2, 5, and 6, treated between September 1971 and October 1987. By the end of 1992, eight SMNs were documented, whereas only 1.3 were expected (standardized incidence ratio [SIR] = 4.15; 95% CI =(More)
PURPOSE The European Collaborative MMT4-91 trial was conducted as a prospective nonrandomized study to evaluate the potential benefit of high-dose melphalan as consolidation of first complete remission in children with stage IV rhabdomyosarcoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS Fifty-two patients in complete remission after six courses of chemotherapy received(More)
This study aimed to assess the response to a novel combination chemotherapy containing carboplatin plus epirubicin in previously untreated children with metastatic rhabdomyosarcoma. 81 children (< or = 18 years) were treated between 1989 and 1994 with a combination of carboplatin, epirubicin and vincristine, given as initial therapy as part of a multicentre(More)
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most common soft-tissue sarcoma of childhood. Diagnosis of RMS can be difficult when it appears as a small round-cell tumor without evidence of differentiation. Recently, a set of regulatory proteins expressed during skeletal muscle development has been described. Among them, MyoD1 has been detected by Northern blot and(More)
BACKGROUND A boy age 14 years who was in complete remission from Stage IIB small cell osteosarcoma, which was misdiagnosed as Ewing sarcoma and consequently was treated, developed inoperable lung metastases when he was off therapy. He received second-line treatment for recurrent Ewing sarcoma, including chemotherapy and radiotherapy, and obtained only a(More)
Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMS) is associated with the specific chromosomal translocation (2;13)(q35;q14) or its rarer variant t(1;13)(p36;q14), which produces the fusion gene PAX7-FKHR. Here we describe the human cell line RC2, derived from an ARMS, which harbors a cryptic t(1;13)(p36;q14) and concomitantly shows amplification of the PAX7-FKHR fusion gene(More)
The t(8;14)(q24;q32), involving MYC gene (8q24) and the immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) locus (14q32), represents about 75% of all translocations in Burkitt's lymphoma (BL). Due to the great variability of the breakpoint region, a standard polymerase chain reaction assay is not sufficient for the detection of this chromosomal translocation. The(More)
The MYCN oncogene encodes a phosphoprotein that acts as a transcription factor and is involved in the regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation in normal as well as in cancer cells.MYCN amplification and expression have been reported in various tumours, including neuroblastoma and lung cancer, but little is known about its expression in human(More)