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PURPOSE The identification of new molecular markers for the early detection of colorectal cancer has become an important objective. We compared the sensitivity and specificity of free circulating DNA with that of the more conventional carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and evaluated the two markers in combination. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The study was carried out(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to evaluate the accuracy of two markers, maspin and mammaglobin B, singly or in combination, to detect breast cancer. To define better the potential and limits of the two markers for diagnostic purposes, blood positivity was analyzed in relation to clinical, pathological and biological tumor characteristics. (More)
Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related death in men. A typical feature of this disease is its ability to metastasize to bone. It is mainly osteosclerotic, and is caused by a relative excess of osteoblast activity, leading to an abnormal bone formation. Bone metastases are the result of a complex series of steps that are not yet fully(More)
Adoptive immunotherapy with tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) and interleukin (IL)-2 is reasonably effective in the treatment of patients with advanced melanoma. However, theoretically it should be of greater benefit as adjuvant therapy, especially in high-risk stages (resected stages III and IV). In a preliminary study, 25 patients (aged 23-72 years)(More)
Alterations in the expression of signal activation molecules, such as the T-cell receptor (TCR) zeta and epsilon chains and p56lck tyrosine kinase, are described in tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL). The aim of this study was to ascertain if such molecules were present in near-tumor-tissue lymphocytes (NTTL) and peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL), as(More)
Cancer anorexia-cachexia syndrome (CACS), which is characterized by progressive weight loss (WL) and anorexia (A), is present in 50% of advanced cancer patients and in 80% of terminally ill cancer patients. One of the most controversial aspects of CACS is its oetiopathogenesis; experimental studies have identified certain cytokines [Tumour necrosis factor(More)
8213 Background. Although progestins seem to represent the treatment of choice of primary cancer cachexia, the outcomes of a palliative treatments still remain undefined. In our trial both the relationships between clinical benefit (CB), appetite improve (AI), weigh gain (WG), performance status (PS) and astenia (As), and the predictive role of 7- and(More)
et al. T cell-specific T-box transcription factor haplotype is associated with allergic asthma in children. Predicting persistent disease among children who wheeze during early life. Lung cancer is the most frequently diagnosed tumour type and the leading cause of cancer mortality throughout the world. The prognosis of patients is strongly correlated with(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Conventional chemotherapy has not proven effective in improving long-term results of surgery for liver metastases from colorectal cancer. We assessed the usefulness of immunotherapy with tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) plus Interleukin-2 (IL-2) as adjuvant treatment. METHODS Between 1995 and 1998, 47 patients were enrolled(More)
This study investigated the relationship among the pharmacokinetics of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and 5-fluoro-5,6-dihydrouracil (5-FDHU); the activity of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells; and treatment-related toxicity in 26 patients with surgically resected colorectal cancer treated with short daily infusions of 5-FU(More)