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On 31 May 2013, the first case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection in Italy was laboratory confirmed in a previously healthy adult man, who developed pneumonia with moderate respiratory distress after returning from a holiday in Jordan. Two secondary cases were identified through contact tracing, among family members and(More)
BACKGROUND Invasive infections due to Neisseria meningitidis are still an important public health issue worldwide. In Europe, meningococcal meningitis is differently distributed in the EU countries, but most cases of meningococcal diseases are caused by serogroups B and C. In Italy, each year about 900 cases of bacterial meningitis occur, of whom one third(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS This study aimed to evaluate the impact of the campaign for hepatitis B mass immunisation of children and teenagers, introduced in 1991, on the incidence of and risk factors for hepatitis B in Italy. METHODS Hepatitis B cases reported to the surveillance system for type-specific acute viral hepatitis (SEIEVA) during the period 1987-1997(More)
Using the second generation ELISA test, we studied the prevalence of antibodies against hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV) among 159 household contacts of 86 anti-HCV positive subjects (index cases). Fourteen (8.8%) relatives were found anti-HCV positive, a rate higher than the corresponding figure reported among the general population in the same area. The(More)
BACKGROUND Italy had intermediate-level endemicity for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in the 1970s and 1980s. In 1991, vaccination of infants and adolescents became mandatory. We report the impact of universal vaccination 14 years after its beginning. METHODS We performed a case-control study within a population-based surveillance for acute viral(More)
Data from a surveillance system for type-specific acute viral hepatitis in Italy has been used to evaluate the risk of heterosexual transmission of hepatitis C virus (HCV) associated with sexual activity with multiple partners in subjects > or = 15 years of age. Hepatitis A cases were used as controls. During the period 1991-1996, 1,359 acute hepatitis C(More)
Using data from the surveillance system for type-specific acute viral hepatitis, the temporal incidence trend of non-A, non-B acute hepatitis and risk factors for acute hepatitis C have been evaluated in Italy. The association between hepatitis C and the potential risk factors (odds ratios, OR) was estimated using hepatitis A patients as controls. The(More)
BACKGROUND Updates on the incidence of and risk factors for acute hepatitis delta virus infection in Italy, as well as in other countries, are lacking, and the impact of the mandatory anti-hepatitis B vaccination has not been evaluated. METHODS We performed a case-control study within a population-based surveillance for acute viral hepatitis. RESULTS(More)
In Italy, using figures from a surveillance system for acute viral hepatitis, the incidence rate of acute non-A, non-B hepatitis (NANBH) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) hepatitis cases was evaluated in healthcare workers (HCWs) and the general population of the same age over the period 1988-1994. The NANBH incidence among the general population declined from(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS To evaluate the strength of association between parenterally transmitted viral hepatitis and specific types of invasive procedures. METHODS Data from the surveillance system for type-specific acute viral hepatitis (SEIEVA) during the period 1994-1999 were used. The association of acute hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV)(More)