Emanuel Haasbach

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Ongoing human infections with highly pathogenic avian H5N1 viruses and the emergence of the pandemic swine-origin influenza viruses (IV) highlight the permanent threat elicited by these pathogens. Occurrence of resistant seasonal and pandemic strains against the currently licensed antiviral medications points to the urgent need for new and amply available(More)
A H5N2 low pathogenic avian influenza virus (LPAIV) was isolated from a natural reservoir in Bavaria during a routine screen and was used as a vaccine strain to scrutinize the immune response involved in cross-protection after challenge infection with a H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV). The challenge virus was also isolated from a(More)
The recent emergence of pandemic swine-origin influenza virus (H1N1) and the severe outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus of the H5N1 subtype leading to death in humans is a reminder that influenza remains a frightening foe throughout the world. Besides vaccination, there is an urgent need for new antiviral strategies to protect against(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Stroke is triggered by several risk factors, including influenza and other respiratory tract infections. However, it is unknown how and in which way influenza infection affects stroke outcome. METHODS We infected mice intranasally with human influenza A (H1N1) virus and occluded the middle cerebral artery to induce ischemic strokes.(More)
Highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIVs) cause severe disease in humans. Still, the basis for their increased pathogenesis remains unclear. Additionally, the high morbidity in the younger population stays inexplicable, and the recent pandemic H1N1v outbreak in 2009 demonstrated the urgent need for a better understanding about influenza virus(More)
Influenza viruses (IV) continue to pose an imminent threat to human welfare. Yearly re-occurring seasonal epidemic outbreaks and pandemics with high mortality can occur. Besides vaccination against a limited number of viral strains only a few antiviral drugs are available, which are losing their effectiveness as more and more IV strains become resistant.(More)
MEK inhibitors are very potent and promising compounds in cancer therapy. Earlier investigations have demonstrated that they also possess antiviral properties against influenza virus. This is due to the fact that activation of the Raf/MEK/ERK signaling pathway is a prerequisite for influenza virus replication. As an alternative to vaccination, antiviral(More)
Influenza A virus (IAV) infection of epithelial cells activates NF-κB transcription factors via the canonical NF-κB signaling pathway, which modulates both the antiviral immune response and viral replication. Since almost nothing is known so far about a function of noncanonical NF-κB signaling after IAV infection, we tested infected cells for activation of(More)
The appearance of highly pathogenic avian influenza A viruses of the H5N1 subtype being able to infect humans and the 2009 H1N1 pandemic reveals the urgent need for new and efficient countermeasures against these viruses. The long-term efficacy of current antivirals is often limited, because of the emergence of drug-resistant virus mutants. A growing(More)
The appearance of pandemic H1N1 and highly pathogenic avian H5N1 viruses in humans as well as the emergence of seasonal H1N1 variants resistant against neuraminidase inhibitors highlight the urgent need for new and amply available antiviral drugs. We and others have demonstrated that influenza virus misuses the cellular IKK/NF-kappaB signaling pathway for(More)