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The inflammasome is a molecular platform formed by activation of an innate immune pattern recognition receptor seed, such as NLRP3. Once activated, NLRP3 recruits the adapter ASC (apoptosis-related speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain), which in turn recruits procaspase-1. Procaspase-1 autocatalyzes its cleavage and activation,(More)
PURPOSE Age-related macular degeneration is the most common form of central retinal blindness in the elderly. Of the two end stages of disease, neovascular AMD-although the minority form-is the most severe. Current therapies are highly successful at controlling progression of neovascular lesions; however, a significant number of patients remain refractory(More)
We describe a procedure for controlled, periodic, reversible modulation of selected regions of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) or the inner-blood-retina barrier (iBRB) based on incorporation into an AAV-2/9 vector of a doxycycline-inducible gene encoding shRNA targeting claudin-5, one of 30 or so proteins constituting the BBB and iBRB. The vector may be(More)
Plasmonics-active gold nanostars exhibiting strong imaging contrast and efficient photothermal transduction were synthesized for a novel pulsed laser-modulated plasmonics-enhanced brain tumor microvascular permeabilization. We demonstrate a selective, optically modulated delivery of nanoprobes into the tumor parenchyma with minimal off-target distribution.
We describe a procedure for controlled, periodic, reversible modulation of selected regions of the blood–brain barrier (BBB) or the inner-blood–retina barrier (iBRB) based on incorporation into an AAV-2/9 vector of a doxycycline-inducible gene encoding shRNA targeting claudin-5, one of 30 or so proteins constituting the BBB and iBRB. The vector may be(More)
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