Learn More
Quinolinic acid (QA) has been used as a model for experimental overstimulation of the glutamatergic system. Glutamate uptake is the main mechanism involved in the maintenance of extracellular glutamate below toxic levels. Guanosine systemically administered prevents quinolinic acid-induced seizures in adult mice and increases basal glutamate uptake by(More)
The excitotoxicity of the neurotransmitter glutamate has been shown to be connected with many acute and chronic diseases of the CNS. High affinity sodium-dependent glutamate transporters play a key role in maintaining adequate levels of extracellular glutamate. In the present study, we used slices of striatum, hippocampus and cortex from rat brain to(More)
OBJECTIVE Some human studies and animal models of experimental osteoporosis have shown that soy isoflavones may be effective on bone health. In this study, we carried out an intervention study to explore the effects of dietary isoflavone on bone metabolism. METHODS Forty healthy female postmenopausal Japanese immigrants living in Brazil were divided into(More)
According to the free radical theory of aging, biological senescence processes develop from a general failure to maintain organism's homeostasis, probably due to oxidative stress. The brain is particularly susceptible to oxidative damage, and astrocytes are chiefly responsible for its antioxidant defense. Here we evaluated and compared the enzymatic(More)
OBJECTIVES (1) To describe the prevalence of minor depression in a community-dwelling population aged 80 years and over. (2) To compare the sleep pattern, memory function and the prevalence rate of other psychiatric diagnoses between normal controls and subjects with minor depressive disorder. DESIGN A random representative sample (sample=77(More)
Relatively few studies have been conducted to investigate the relationship between glutamate and development and/or aging. Rat cortical astrocyte cultures were used as a model to investigate glutamate uptake during development. The immunocontent of the markers glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and S100B increased, while basal secretion of S100B(More)
BACKGROUND Studies of immigrant populations are useful for analysis of the effects of environmental factors on cardiovascular disease. We have examined the association between dietary habit of fish intake and cardiovascular risk. METHODS Population-based samples of 433 middle-aged Japanese men and women in Japan (Shimane (group JS) and Okinawa (group JO))(More)
Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) polymorphism influences lipid metabolism, but its association with arterial hypertension is controversial. The objective of this study was to examine the association between ApoE polymorphism and prevalent hypertension in a large unselected population of older adults. Participants from the baseline of the Bambuí Health Aging Study(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have been published on the association between ACE (angiotensin I-converting enzyme) polymorphism and longevity. However, the results are controversial. METHODS We analyzed the association between ACE polymorphism and age in two different ethnic populations: a population originating from different European countries (Gaucha(More)