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Quinolinic acid (QA) has been used as a model for experimental overstimulation of the glutamatergic system. Glutamate uptake is the main mechanism involved in the maintenance of extracellular glutamate below toxic levels. Guanosine systemically administered prevents quinolinic acid-induced seizures in adult mice and increases basal glutamate uptake by(More)
The excitotoxicity of the neurotransmitter glutamate has been shown to be connected with many acute and chronic diseases of the CNS. High affinity sodium-dependent glutamate transporters play a key role in maintaining adequate levels of extracellular glutamate. In the present study, we used slices of striatum, hippocampus and cortex from rat brain to(More)
OBJECTIVES (1) To describe the prevalence of minor depression in a community-dwelling population aged 80 years and over. (2) To compare the sleep pattern, memory function and the prevalence rate of other psychiatric diagnoses between normal controls and subjects with minor depressive disorder. DESIGN A random representative sample (sample=77(More)
Relatively few studies have been conducted to investigate the relationship between glutamate and development and/or aging. Rat cortical astrocyte cultures were used as a model to investigate glutamate uptake during development. The immunocontent of the markers glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and S100B increased, while basal secretion of S100B(More)
As it is already known that depression can cause a demonstrable impact on cognition in elderly subjects, the objective of this study was to determine whether also the mourning process is associated with any cognitive impairment in this age range. A random and representative sample (a sample with 77 subjects/total county population of oldest-old with 219(More)
According to the free radical theory of aging, biological senescence processes develop from a general failure to maintain organism's homeostasis, probably due to oxidative stress. The brain is particularly susceptible to oxidative damage, and astrocytes are chiefly responsible for its antioxidant defense. Here we evaluated and compared the enzymatic(More)
The prevalence of dementing disorders in Campo Grande of a community of Japanese-Brazilians who immigrated from Okinawa was studied. Previous reports showed that the dietary pattern in Japanese immigrants in Brazil, which characterized by a low fish and large meat intake, is possibly responsible for increased risk of cardiovascular diseases compared with(More)
Aggressive behaviour is commonly observed in patients with dementia, and current pharmacological treatments are still deficient in terms of efficacy and tolerability. Allopurinol is an inhibitor of the enzyme xanthine oxidase, with previously suggested anti-aggressive effects. After successful treatment of aggression in two patients, we performed a(More)
Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) polymorphism influences lipid metabolism, but its association with arterial hypertension is controversial. The objective of this study was to examine the association between ApoE polymorphism and prevalent hypertension in a large unselected population of older adults. Participants from the baseline of the Bambuí Health Aging Study(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish the allelic and genotypic frequencies related to apolipoprotein E (ApoE) polymorphism and association of the genotypes with risk factors and cardiovascular morbidity in an elderly population with longevity. METHODS We analyzed 70 elderly patients aged 80 years or more who were part of the Projeto Veranópolis. We used the gene(More)