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Neuroepithelial cell lines were established from cerebral vesicles of 9-day-old mouse embryos lacking functional p53 genes (Livingstone et al: Cell 70:923-935, 1992). All-trans retinoic acid (RA) induced bulk formation of neurons both in several p53-deficient neuroepithelial cell lines and in wild-type neural cells derived from early embryonic (E9-E12)(More)
Early events of in vitro neuronal development were studied by inducing neuron formation in a neuroectodermal cell line, NE-4C/A3, derived from the embryonic forebrain vesicles of p53-deficient mice. Neuronal differentiation was initiated by treating the cells with all-trans retinoic acid (RA). By the second day of RA treatment compact cell aggregates were(More)
In vitro neural differentiation was induced in a p53-deficient immortalized neuroectodermal progenitor cell line, NE-4C, by treatment with retinoic acid [K. Schlett and E. Madarász (1997) J. Neurosci. Res. 47, 405-416]. Rearrangement of nestin filaments was an early marker of neuron-formation. The increase in neurofilament protein content was accompanied by(More)
The effects of KCl-treatment on the survival and proliferation of NE-4C self-renewing neural progenitor cells were investigated during early phases of in vitro induced neurogenesis. NE-4C cells, derived from the anterior brain vesicles of embryonic mouse (E9), divided continuously under non-inducing conditions, but acquired neuronal features within 6 days,(More)
The schedule of NMDA receptor subunit expression and the appearance of functional NMDA-gated ion channels were investigated during the retinoic acid (RA) induced neuronal differentiation of NE-4C, a p53-deficient mouse neuroectodermal progenitor cell line. NR2A, NR2B, and NR2D subunit transcripts were present in both nondifferentiated and neuronally(More)
An in vitro "scratch-wound" model was used to evoke and investigate some astroglial responses to mechanical injury. The changes in the morphology, locomotion, and proliferation of injured astrocytes were analysed under culture conditions devoid of blood-derived cells responsible for activating the inflammatory cascade. The rate of proliferation was(More)
Astroglial cells are essential components of the neurogenic niches within the central nervous system. Emerging evidence suggests that they are among the key regulators of postnatal neurogenesis. Although astrocytes have been demonstrated to possess the potential to instruct stem cells to adopt a neuronal fate, little is known about the nature of the(More)
In addition to being the major inhibitory neurotransmitter, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is thought to play a morphogenetic role in embryonic development. During the last decade, considerable progress has been made in elucidating the molecular mechanisms involved in GABA synthesis and biological action. The present review is an attempt to summarise recent(More)
In vitro velocities of several cell types have been measured using computer controlled video mi-croscopy, which allowed to record the cells' trajectories over several days. On the basis of our large data sets we show that the locomotion activity displays a universal exponential distribution. Thus, motion resulting from complex cellular processes can be well(More)
Astroglial cells support or restrict the migration and differentiation of neural stem cells depending on the developmental stage of the progenitors and the physiological state of the astrocytes. In the present study, we show that astroglial cells instruct noncommitted, immortalized neuroectodermal stem cells to adopt a neuronal fate, while they fail to(More)