Elzbieta Nowak

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The tracheal and bronchial parasympathetic ganglia in the cat were studied using the histochemical-tiocholine method of Koelle and Friedenwald and histological techniques. Intensively stained AChE-positive nerve structures, i.e., ganglia and nerve fibres on the wall of the trachea and bronchi, were observed. The ganglia were situated mainly on the(More)
The morphology and topography of the ciliary ganglion in the Egyptian spiny mouse were studied with use of histochemical and histological techniques. The ciliary ganglion of the Egyptian spiny mouse consisted of between 3 and 4 agglomerations of nerve cells. The largest was situated at the point where the ventral branch of the oculomotor nerve divides into(More)
Using the thiocholine method and histological techniques the intermesenteric plexus of the pigeon was studied. The intermesenteric plexus of this species is a plexo-ganglionic structure with several (five to seven) ganglia and nerve fibres. The ganglia have an oval-, spindle- or star-like shape. Single nerve cells along the nerve fibres were observed. The(More)
The crystal structure of the esterase EstA from the cold-adapted bacterium Pseudoalteromonas sp. 643A was determined in a covalently inhibited form at a resolution of 1.35 A. The enzyme has a typical SGNH hydrolase structure consisting of a single domain containing a five-stranded beta-sheet, with three helices at the convex side and two helices at the(More)
Retrotransposons are a class of mobile genetic elements that replicate by converting their single-stranded RNA intermediate to double-stranded DNA through the combined DNA polymerase and ribonuclease H (RNase H) activities of the element-encoded reverse transcriptase (RT). Although a wealth of structural information is available for lentiviral and(More)
Using the thiocholine method and histological techniques, the topography and morphology of cardiac ganglia in midday gerbil, Egyptian spiny mouse, chinchilla laniger and pigeon were studied. The results demonstrated that cardiac ganglia in all investigated species are embedded in epicardial fat. They formed plexo-ganglionic structures. Each of them composed(More)
In the genome of H. pylori 26695, 149 proteins containing the CXXC motif characteristic of thioldisulfide oxidoreductases have been identified to date. However, only two of these proteins have a thioredoxin-like fold (i.e., HP0377 and HP0231) and are periplasm-located. We have previously shown that HP0231 is a dimeric oxidoreductase that catalyzes disulfide(More)
Structures of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) have been reported in several forms, but only one contains an RNA/DNA hybrid, the conformation of which has been controversial. We have been successful in obtaining three structures of HIV-1 RT complexed with a non-nucleoside RT inhibitor (NNRTI) and an RNA/ DNA hybrid [1]. In the presence of an NNRTI, our(More)
The organization of autonomic nerve structures in the large intestine of chinchilla was investigated using histochemical and immunocytochemical methods. The myenteric plexus formed network nodes of cholinergic neurocyte agglomerations connected with bundles of nerve fibres and localized between the circular and longitudinal layers of the smooth muscles. The(More)