Elzbieta Kuzniak

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Changes in AA-GSH cycle activity following Botrytis cinerea infection were studied in tomato whole-leaf extracts as well as in chloroplasts, mitochondria, and peroxisomes. The oxidative effect of infection affected all cellular compartments although mitochondria and peroxisomes underwent the most pronounced changes. Apart from organelle-specific variations,(More)
Peroxisomes, being one of the main organelles where reactive oxygen species (ROS) are both generated and detoxified, have been suggested to be instrumental in redox-mediated plant cell defence against oxidative stress. We studied the involvement of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) leaf peroxisomes in defence response to oxidative stress generated upon(More)
The role of reactive oxygen species, especially H2O2, in plant response to stresses has been the focus of much attention. Hydrogen peroxide has been postulated to play multiple functions in plant defence against pathogens. (1) H2O2 may possess direct microbicidal activity at the sites of pathogen invasion. (2) It is used for cell-wall reinforcing processes:(More)
Environmental stresses considerably limit plant productivity. At the molecular level the negative effect of stress is often mediated by reactive oxygen species-initiated oxidative damage. Hence, it was hypothesised that increased tolerance to several environmental constraints could be achieved through enhanced tolerance to oxidative stress. In recent years(More)
The increased production of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) in plant leaf tissues is a hallmark of a plant’s reaction to various environmental stresses. This paper describes an automatic segmentation method for scanned images of cucurbits leaves stained to visualise ROS accumulation sites featured by specific colour hues and intensities. The leaves placed(More)
Infection of tomato leaves with the necrotrophic fungus Botrytis cinerea resulted in substantial changes in enzymatic and non-enzymatic components of the ascorbate-glutathione cycle as well as in superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), glutathione transferase (GST), and l-galactono-gamma-lactone dehydrogenase (GLDH) activities. In the(More)
Mitochondria were purified from tomato leaves by a differential centrifugation method and a Percoll density-gradient method. A comparative study on the ascorbate-glutathione cycle activity revealed that there was no difference in the specific activity of the antioxidative enzymes and ascorbate and glutathione concentrations between mitochondria prepared by(More)
The redox status of the cell is described by the ratio of reduced to non-reduced compounds. Redox reactions which determine the redox state are an essential feature of all living beings on Earth. However, the first life forms evolved under strongly anoxic conditions of the young Earth, and the redox status probably was based on iron and sulphur compounds.(More)
The response of Mesembryanthemum crystallinum plants performing C3 photosynthesis and crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) to the non-host necrotrophic pathogen Botrytis cinerea was analyzed at the local and systemic levels. The induction of programmed cell death, lignin and callose deposition, changes in salicylic acid, glutathione and cysteinylglycine pools(More)
Callus of the halophyte Mesembryanthemum crystallinum was used to study the effect of NaCl on the response to Botrytis cinerea infection. The fungus easily colonized the callus surface and the intercellular spaces. However, in the NaCl-adapted tissues the incidence of penetration was 67 % lower than in the inoculated control tissue. The modification of the(More)