Elzbieta Grzesiuk

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BACKGROUND ALKBH proteins, the homologs of Escherichia coli AlkB dioxygenase, constitute a direct, single-protein repair system, protecting cellular DNA and RNA against the cytotoxic and mutagenic activity of alkylating agents, chemicals significantly contributing to tumor formation and used in cancer therapy. In silico analysis and in vivo studies have(More)
The Escherichia coli AlkB protein encoded by alkB gene was recently found to repair cytotoxic DNA lesions 1-methyladenine (1-meA) and 3-methylcytosine (3-meC) by using a novel iron-catalysed oxidative demethylation mechanism that protects the cell from the toxic effects of methylating agents. Mutation in alkB results in increased sensitivity to MMS and(More)
Spontaneous mutations arise not only in exponentially growing bacteria but also in non-dividing or slowly dividing stationary-phase cells. In the latter case mutations are called adaptive or stationary-phase mutations. High spontaneous mutability has been observed in temperature sensitive Escherichia coli dnaQ49 strain deficient in 3'-->5' proofreading(More)
Base excision repair (BER) pathway executed by a complex network of proteins is the major system responsible for the removal of damaged DNA bases and repair of DNA single strand breaks (SSBs) generated by environmental agents, such as certain cancer therapies, or arising spontaneously during cellular metabolism. Both modified DNA bases and SSBs with ends(More)
Environmental and endogenous alkylating agents generate cytotoxic and mutagenic lesions in DNA. Exposure of prokaryotic cells to sublethal doses of DNA alkylating agents induces so called adaptive response (Ada response) involving the expression of a set of genes which allows the cells to tolerate the toxic and mutagenic action of such agents. The Ada(More)
Competition of commensal and probiotic bacteria with pathogens for adhesion and colonization is one of the important protective mechanisms of gastrointestinal tract. In this study, we examined the ability of Lactobacillus paracasei to inhibit the adhesion of pathogenic Salmonella enterica to human colon adenocarcinoma Caco-2 cells. Caco-2 cells were grown(More)
Alkylating agents introduce cytotoxic and/or mutagenic lesions to DNA bases leading to induction of adaptive (Ada) response, a mechanism protecting cells against deleterious effects of environmental chemicals. In Escherichia coli, the Ada response involves expression of four genes: ada, alkA, alkB, and aidB. In Pseudomonas putida, the organization of Ada(More)
Adaptive (starvation-associated) mutations occur in non-dividing cells and allow growth under the selective conditions imposed. We developed a new method for the determination of adaptive mutations in Escherichia coli. The system involves reversion to prototrophy of the argE3OC mutation and was tested on AB1157 strains mutated in the mutT and/or mutY genes.(More)
DNAtraffic (http://dnatraffic.ibb.waw.pl/) is dedicated to be a unique comprehensive and richly annotated database of genome dynamics during the cell life. It contains extensive data on the nomenclature, ontology, structure and function of proteins related to the DNA integrity mechanisms such as chromatin remodeling, histone modifications, DNA repair and(More)
This review concerns reversion of the argE3 (ochre) nonsense mutation to prototrophy in E. coli AB1157 strain as an informative system for mutation detection. Strain AB1157 bears the argE3 (ochre), hisG4 (ochre) and thr-1 (amber) mutations, and the supE44 amber suppressor on its chromosome. The Arg(+) phenotype can be restored by (i) any base substitution(More)