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Efficient repair by Escherichia coli AlkB dioxygenase of exocyclic DNA adducts 3,N(4)-ethenocytosine, 1,N(6)-ethenoadenine, 3,N(4)-α-hydroxyethanocytosine, and reported here for the first time 3,N(4)-α-hydroxypropanocytosine requires higher Fe(II) concentration than the reference 3-methylcytosine. The pH optimum for the repair follows the order of pK(a)(More)
BACKGROUND ALKBH proteins, the homologs of Escherichia coli AlkB dioxygenase, constitute a direct, single-protein repair system, protecting cellular DNA and RNA against the cytotoxic and mutagenic activity of alkylating agents, chemicals significantly contributing to tumor formation and used in cancer therapy. In silico analysis and in vivo studies have(More)
The E. coli dnaQ gene encodes the epsilon subunit of DNA polymerase III (pol III) responsible for the proofreading activity of this polymerase. The mutD5 mutant of dnaQ chronically expresses the SOS response and exhibits a mutator phenotype. In this study we have constructed a set of E. coli AB1157 mutD5 derivatives deleted in genes encoding SOS-induced DNA(More)
It has been found that the level of methyl methanesulfonate (MMS)-induced mutation in Escherichia coli is dependent on the level of UmuD(D′)C proteins. The frequency of argE(ochre)→Arg+ mutations (which occur predominantly by AT→TA transversions) and RifS→RifR mutations is much higher when UmuDC or UmuD'C are overproduced in the cell. When MMS-treated(More)
MMS, an S(N)2 alkylating agent, is a moderate inducer of SOS mutagenesis and adaptive response. Our previous studies have shown that transient starvation of Escherichia coli AB1157argE3 strain causes a decrease of MMS-induced argE3-->Arg(+) reversions and this decrease is accompanied by the disappearance of the Fpg protein sensitive sites on plasmids(More)
A method for estimating mutagenic specificity in Escherichia coli (argE3, hisG4, thr-1, supE44), based upon the isolation of Arg+ or His+ revertants and identification of tRNA suppressors, is described. The method gives an insight not only into mutagenic pathways but also into the functioning of tRNA. With N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine, 98% of(More)
The Escherichia coli AlkB protein encoded by alkB gene was recently found to repair cytotoxic DNA lesions 1-methyladenine (1-meA) and 3-methylcytosine (3-meC) by using a novel iron-catalysed oxidative demethylation mechanism that protects the cell from the toxic effects of methylating agents. Mutation in alkB results in increased sensitivity to MMS and(More)
Spontaneous mutations arise not only in exponentially growing bacteria but also in non-dividing or slowly dividing stationary-phase cells. In the latter case mutations are called adaptive or stationary-phase mutations. High spontaneous mutability has been observed in temperature sensitive Escherichia coli dnaQ49 strain deficient in 3'-->5' proofreading(More)
AB2497 and its mutS and umuDC derivatives were EMS-treated at the stationary phase and specificity of mutation measured. It was found that: (i) in mutS+ cells EMS induces predominantly GC-->AT transitions (by supB or supE(oc) formation) and in mutS- cells mainly AT-->TA transversions (by supL(NG) formation); (ii) transversions of AT-->TA are umuDC-dependent(More)