Elysia M. Hollams

Learn More
The nasopharynx (NP) is a reservoir for microbes associated with acute respiratory infections (ARIs). Lung inflammation resulting from ARIs during infancy is linked to asthma development. We examined the NP microbiome during the critical first year of life in a prospective cohort of 234 children, capturing both the viral and bacterial communities and(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing evidence suggests that patterns of T-cell immunity to inhalant allergens in genetically diverse human populations are more heterogeneous than previously assumed, and that covert differences in expression patterns might underlie variations in airway disease phenotypes. We tested this proposition in a community sample of children. (More)
Regulation of gene expression is essential for the homeostasis of an organism, playing a pivotal role in cellular proliferation, differentiation, and response to specific stimuli. Multiple studies over the last two decades have demonstrated that the modulation of mRNA stability plays an important role in regulating gene expression. The stability of a given(More)
Anti-viral innate immune responses may be impaired in asthma, although the mechanisms are not well understood. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) 7 and 3 are particularly relevant for initiating responses to common respiratory viruses, as they recognise single-stranded viral RNA and double-stranded viral RNA, respectively. The aim of the present study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Sex-related differences in bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) have been reported in adolescents, but the mechanisms remain obscure. OBJECTIVE To investigate the risk factors for BHR in the Raine Study, a community-based longitudinal birth cohort. METHODS At 14 years of age, children underwent a respiratory assessment including a(More)
BACKGROUND Atopy and asthma are commonly initiated during early life, and there is increasing interest in the development of preventive treatments for at-risk children. However, effective methods for assessing the level of risk in individual children are lacking. OBJECTIVE We sought to identify clinical and laboratory biomarkers in 2-year-olds that are(More)
Interferon-gamma (IFNgamma) gene expression is tightly regulated in early life, and exaggerated negative control of IFNgamma production in CD4(+) T cells has been associated with risk for subsequent development of atopy. Recent studies have demonstrated hypermethylation of CpG sites in the IFNgamma promoter in neonates, a mechanism which in mice leads to(More)
Bacterial colonisation of the airways is associated with increased risk of childhood asthma. Immunoglobulin (Ig)E against bacterial antigens has been reported in some asthmatics, suggesting a role for bacterial-specific type-2 immunity in disease pathogenesis. We aimed to investigate relationships between bacterial-specific IgE amongst teenagers and asthma(More)
RATIONALE The extent to which maternal smoking in pregnancy (MSP) has persisting effects on respiratory health remains uncertain and the mechanisms involved are not fully understood. Alterations in immune function have been proposed as a mechanism contributing to respiratory disease. OBJECTIVES To determine whether MSP increases risk of respiratory(More)
(CA)n simple repeats in DNA were examined at 17 loci in 18 human squamous cell carcinomas of the esophagus and compared with those in normal esophageal tissue from the same patients. Six loci were examined in 32 esophageal papillomas that had been induced by N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine in BD VI rats. Length-altered CA repeats were found in two human tumors(More)