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The proteins of the Bcl-2 family are important regulators of apoptosis, or programmed cell death. These proteins regulate this fundamental biological process via the formation of heterodimers involving both pro- and anti-apoptotic family members. Disruption of the balance between anti- and pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 proteins is the cause of numerous pathologies.(More)
Guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs), which activate small GTP-binding proteins (SMG) by stimulating their GDP/GTP exchange, are emerging as candidate targets for the inhibition of cellular pathways involved in diseases. However, their specific inhibition by competitive inhibitors is challenging, because GEF and SMG families comprise highly similar(More)
The conformational dynamics of the Inserted domain (I-domain) from the lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) was investigated by normal mode analysis of multiple structures of the low, intermediate, and high affinity states. LFA-1 is an integrin expressed on leukocytes and is of critical importance in adhesion reactions, like antigen-specific(More)
Small molecule chemistry is of central importance to a number of R&D companies in diverse areas such as the pharmaceutical, nutraceutical, food flavoring, and cosmeceutical industries. In order to store and manage thousands of chemical compounds in such an environment, we have built a state-of-the-art master chemical database with unique structure(More)
Propylene glycol and triacetin are chemical compounds, commonly used as food additives. Though the usage of the pure chemicals is not considered harmful when used as dietary supplements, little is known about the nature of their thermal degradation products and the impact they may have on human health. For these reasons, in this manuscript we investigate(More)
The insect steroid hormone 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) binds to its cognate nuclear receptor composed of the ecdysone receptor (EcR) and Ultraspiracle (USP) and triggers the main developmental transitions, in particular molting and metamorphosis. We present the crystal structure of the ligand-binding domains of EcR/USP in complex with 20E at 2.4A resolution(More)
Glycerol (GC, propane-1,2,3-triol), propylene glycol (PG, pro-pane-1,2-diol), and triacetin (TA, propane-1,2,3-triyl triacetate) (Figure 1) are commonly used as solvents, food additives, and humectants in the food and tobacco industries. Their use often involves high-temperature conditions, in which thermal decomposition reactions occur, exposing the human(More)
Compound identification is widely recognized as a major bottleneck for modern metabolomic approaches and high-throughput nontargeted characterization of complex matrices. To tackle this challenge, an automated platform entitled computer-assisted structure identification (CASI) was designed and developed in order to accelerate and standardize the(More)
We developed a new coarse-grained (CG) model for water to study nucleation of droplets from the vapor phase. The resulting potential has a more flexible functional form and a longer range cutoff compared to other CG potentials available for water. This allowed us to extend the range of applicability of coarse-grained techniques to nucleation phenomena. By(More)
The integrin leukocyte function associated antigen 1 (LFA-1) binds the intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) by its α(L)-chain inserted domain (I-domain). This interaction plays a key role in cancer and other diseases. We report the structure-based design, small-scale synthesis, and biological activity evaluation of a novel family of LFA-1 antagonists.(More)