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The cross-species specificity of the cohesin-dockerin interaction, which defines the incorporation of the enzymatic subunits into the cellulosome complex, has been investigated. Cohesin-containing segments from the cellulosomes of two different species, Clostridium thermocellum and Clostridium cellulolyticum, were allowed to interact with cellulosomal(More)
The crystal structure of a family-III cellulose-binding domain (CBD) from the cellulosomal scaffoldin subunit of Clostridium thermocellum has been determined at 1.75 A resolution. The protein forms a nine-stranded beta sandwich with a jelly roll topology and binds a calcium ion. conserved, surface-exposed residues map into two defined surfaces located on(More)
The major cellulose-binding domain (CBD) from the cellulosome of Clostridium thermocellum YS was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The expressed protein was purified efficiently by a modification of a novel procedure termed affinity digestion. The properties of the purified polypeptide were compared with those of a related CBD derived from a(More)
The cellulases of many cellulolytic bacteria are organized into discrete multienzyme complexes, called cellulosomes. The multiple subunits of cellulosomes are composed of numerous functional domains, which interact with each other and with the cellulosic substrate. One of these subunits comprises a distinctive new class of noncatalytic scaffolding(More)
In the anaerobic, thermophilic, cellulolytic bacterium Clostridium thermocellum, efficient solubilization of the insoluble cellulose substrate is accomplished largely through the action of a cellulose-binding multienzyme complex, the cellulosome. A major cellobiohydrolase activity from the cellulosome has been traced to its Mr 75,000 S8 subunit, and an(More)
A genomic library of Clostridium thermocellum DNA constructed in lambda ZAPII was screened for xylanase-expressing clones. Cross-hybridization experiments revealed a new xylanase gene isolated from the gene library, which was designated xyn Y. The encoded enzyme, xylanase Y (XYLY), displayed features characteristic of an endo-beta1,4-xylanase: the enzyme(More)
Xylanase activity of Clostridium thermocellum, an anaerobic thermophilic cellulolytic bacterium, was characterized. The activity was localized both in the cellulosome (the principal multienzyme, cellulose-solubilizing protein complex) and in noncellulosomal fractions. Each of these fractions contained at least four major polypeptide bands which contributed(More)
The cellulosome is an intricate multienzyme complex, designed for efficient degradation of plant cell wall polysaccharides, notably cellulose. The supramolecular cellulosome architecture in different bacteria is the consequence of the types and specificities of the interacting cohesin and dockerin modules, borne by the different cellulosomal subunits. In(More)
The cellulose-binding domain from the scaffoldin subunit of the cellulosome from Clostridium thermocellum strain YS has been expressed in Escherichia coli, purified to homogeneity, and crystallized. Crystals were grown by vapor diffusion using polyethylene glycol as precipitant. They belong to the monoclinic space group C2 with unit cell dimensions of a =(More)
The multiple cellulase-containing protein complex, isolated from the cellulolytic bacterium Bacteroides cellulosolvens, contains oligosaccharides which are O-linked mainly to a 230-kDa subunit. The oligosaccharide chains were liberated by alkaline-borohydride treatment and fractionated as oligosaccharide alditols via gel-permeation chromatography and HPLC.(More)