Elvira Fioriti

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BACKGROUND Aims of the present study were to examine the anthropometrical and metabolic characteristics of the Filipino population migrant to the Southern European city of Rome, Italy. METHODS A cross-sectional study was carried out in the city of Rome. Three hundred thirty-five Filipinos (95 M/240 F, mean age: 44.0+/-9.8 years, mean residence in Italy:(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the metabolic effect of buccal spray insulin compared with subcutaneous regular insulin in patients with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This study compared plasma glucose, insulin, and C-peptide levels in 18 patients with type 1 diabetes treated with subcutaneous regular or buccal spray insulin on 2 consecutive(More)
In a pilot study, the metabolic effects of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) versus intensive subcutaneous insulin therapy (ISIT) started at diagnosis in patients with Type 1 diabetes and continued for a 2-year period were evaluated and compared. Twenty-three patients (between 12 and 35 years old, mean +/- SD 18.4 +/- 9 years) were randomized(More)
Partial recovery of beta-cell function in type 1 diabetes is common after diagnosis by intensive insulin therapy. Residual beta-cell function can be improved by other therapies. Cyclosporin (CyA) and nicotinamide (NA), alone or in combination, can preserve this function, as indicated by the parameters of metabolic control (insulin dose, HbA1C). After(More)
BACKGROUND Intensive insulin therapy is the gold standard therapy for type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients. To achieve optimal glycemic control, adjustments of insulin dose at mealtimes must be made taking into account several parameters: blood glucose levels, insulin/carbohydrate ratio, carbohydrate intake, and physical activity. Calsulin (Thorpe Products Ltd.,(More)
A 1-year open randomized controlled multicentre trial was carried out on 90 patients with recent onset (< 4 weeks) insulin-dependent diabetes (IDDM) to compare the effect of nicotinamide (NCT) with the combination NCT and low dose cyclosporin (CyA) on clinical remission and optimization of metabolic control during the first year from diagnosis. Three groups(More)
BACKGROUND Intensive insulin therapy is the gold standard by which Type 1 diabetes is treated. In addition to this therapy, administration of nicotinamide (NA) can be beneficial. This concept is reinforced by the results of a recent meta-analysis of the use of NA in patients with recent-onset Type 1 diabetes. METHODS In this study we compared two(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to compare the effect of nicotinamide (NCT) alone or in combination with a cortisone-like substance, deflazacort (DFL), on the integrated parameters of metabolic control in patients with the recent-onset of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Thirty-six patients who were diagnosed(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS A number of trials have evaluated residual beta-cell function in patients with recent onset type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) treated with nicotinamide in addition to intensive insulin therapy (IIT). In most studies, only a slight decline of C-peptide secretion was observed 12 months after diagnosis; however, no data is available on(More)
OBJECTIVE Protection of residual beta cell function at the time of diagnosis of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) by intensive insulin therapy and the addition of nicotinamide (NA) has been established. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a free oxygen radical scavenger such as vitamin E (Vit E) on residual beta cell function(More)