Elvira A Sedova

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The functioning of the digestive system was investigated in ten volunteers after a seven-day dry immersion (DI). The experimental conditions were found to raise the secretory activities of the stomach, pancreas, and liver and to increase the spectral indices of the gastrointestinal tract’s (GIT) electrical activity against the background of an increased(More)
Six male volunteers for dry immersion (DI) simulating microgravity effects in the human body were subjects in the study on the evacuation function of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). The investigation was aimed to evaluate liquid food evacuation from the stomach (the 13C-acetate test) and time of chymus orocecal transit (the H2-inulin test). The(More)
Ultrasonic investigations of the abdominal organs and splanchnic veins were performed in essentially healthy subjects tilted at 12 degrees and 15 degrees for the period of 12 hrs. and 24 hrs. Tilting produced typical redistribution of venous blood and body liquids toward the cranial end. In its turn, blood redistribution caused excessive venous plethora and(More)
Functioning of the digestive system was investigated in 10 volunteers for 7-day dry immersion. The experimental conditions were found to raise secretory activities of the stomach, pancreas and liver, and to increase spectral indices of the GI electrical activity on the background of a higher than usual insular secretion and lowered gastrin secretion. The(More)
In 62 normal males and females gastrointestinal (GI) electrical activity was evaluated before and after standard breakfast with the method of epicutaneous electrogastroenterography (EGEG) with the use of AgCl electrodes and original hard- and software "Gastroenterograph" developed by the authors. Spectral analysis (SA) of GI electrical potentials enabled(More)
In a 105-day experiment simulating crew life in a space exploration vehicle, shifts in the nutritional status were assessed in 6 test subjects differing in the body mass index, basal metabolism, attitude to the diet, physical exercise and workload. Results of the investigation showed that because of the hard physical work the nutritional status of test(More)
Ultrasonic examinations of eight male volunteers during bed rest in the antiorthostatic position (ANOP) at–15° showed plethora in the venous system of the abdominal cavity and slow blood flow through the liver with no effect on biochemical parameters. The 13C-methcetine breath test (13C-MBT) with 100 mg of 13C-methoxymethacetine showed diminution of the(More)
Six male volunteers for dry immersion (DI) modeling the microgravity effects on human organism were subjects in the GI evacuatory function investigation. The investigation was aimed to evaluate liquid food evacuation from the stomach (13C-acetate test) and time of chymus orocecal transit (H2-inulin test). The 13C-acetate test did not reveal changes in(More)