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Two experiments were conducted to determine respiratory responses of persons with asthma performing intermittent moderate exercise while exposed to low concentrations of NO2. In the first, preliminary experiment, 13 male subjects, aged 19-35, with mild asthma were exposed on separate days in a chamber (natural breathing, 20 degrees C, 40% RH) to 0.30 ppm(More)
Measurements of ambient ozone (O2) concentration during daylight hours have shown a spectrum of concentration profiles, from a relatively stable to a variable pattern usually reaching a peak level in the early afternoon. Several recent studies have suggested that in estimating exposure dose (O3 concentration [C] x exposure time [T] x ventilation [V]), O3(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the clinical significance of subnormal serum vitamin B12 concentration in older people by comparing the hematological, neurological, and biochemical findings in patients with subnormal serum B12 with a control group with normal B12 levels. DESIGN Clinical and laboratory assessment of hospital patients selected to represent a wide(More)
The purpose of this analysis of previously published data was to identify a model that accurately predicts the mean ozone-induced FEV1 response of humans as a function of concentration (C), minute ventilation (VE), duration of exposure (T), and age. Healthy young adults (n = 485) were exposed for 2 h to one of six ozone concentrations while exercising at(More)
We studied 24 young adult male volunteers experimentally inoculated with type 39 rhinovirus to determine whether the course of viral infection was modified by exposure to moderate levels of ozone (0.3 ppm for 6 h per day) over the 5 days after virus inoculation. No differences in rhinovirus titers in nasal secretions, recruitment of neutrophils into nasal(More)
Since NOx emissions bear a precursor-product relation with ambient ozone (O3) levels, the sequence of peak ambient concentrations is first nitrogen dioxide (NO2) followed later in the day by ozone (O3). We ascertained whether preliminary exposure to 0.6 parts per million (ppm) NO2 would affect the lung function response to subsequent exposure to 0.3 ppm O3.(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the shortest duration of exposure to 1.0 ppm sulfur dioxide (SO2) sufficient to induce bronchoconstriction significantly greater than that observed with exposure to clean air (CA) in exercising SO2-sensitive asthmatics. Asymptomatic, nonmedicated, male asthmatics (n = 12) with airway hyperresponsiveness to both(More)
Because minimal data are available regarding the pulmonary effects of ozone (O3) at levels less than 0.27 ppm, six groups of healthy young males were exposed for 2.5 h to one of the following O3 concentrations: 0.0, 0.12, 0.18, 0.24, 0.30, or 0.40 ppm. Fifteen-minute periods of rest and exercise (65 l/min minute ventilation) were alternated during the first(More)
Artificially reared neonatal piglets were used to study the effect of inorganic sulfate on bowel function in human infants. Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of high levels of inorganic sulfate on the growth, feed intake and feces consistency of artificially reared piglets, and to determine the dose at which at least 50% of piglets(More)