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Child maltreatment remains a major public-health and social-welfare problem in high-income countries. Every year, about 4-16% of children are physically abused and one in ten is neglected or psychologically abused. During childhood, between 5% and 10% of girls and up to 5% of boys are exposed to penetrative sexual abuse, and up to three times this number(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the health and developmental status of children living in refugees for women victims of domestic violence and to investigate their access to primary healthcare services. DESIGN Cross sectional survey. SETTING Women's refugees in Cardiff. PARTICIPANTS 148 resident children aged under 16 years and their mothers. MAIN OUTCOME(More)
In medical literature, child maltreatment is considered as a public-health problem or an issue of harm to individuals, but less frequently as a violation of children's human rights. Public-health approaches emphasise monitoring, prevention, cost-effectiveness, and population strategies; protective approaches concentrate on the legal and professional(More)
A prevalence study of autistic disorder (AD) in childhood was undertaken in a Welsh health district as part of a needs' assessment exercise. The study population were all children resident in the district with dates of birth between 1977 and 1988. Children were identified after a trawl of service providers in health and education and diagnosis was confirmed(More)
AIMS To evaluate the acceptability and effectiveness of cultural competence and antiracism training to professionals providing services to ill or disabled children. METHODS Immediate post-training and retrospective questionnaire survey of trainees. Main outcome measures were acceptability; perceived relevance to practice; previous training in this area;(More)
All mainstream primary schools in Cardiff were invited in July 1998 to participate in a prevalence survey of autistic spectrum disorder. Teachers of each class filled in a questionnaire based on ICD-10 criteria for autistic disorders. The Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire (ASSQ) was completed on children identified with problems identified by the(More)
AIMS To investigate whether ocular anomalies are associated with congenital heart defects in children with Down's syndrome. METHODS 58 children with Down's syndrome were entered into a retrospective observational study. Children were assigned to heart defect groups based on medical records. Optometric tests had previously been carried out at the homes of(More)