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OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of autism in an epidemiologically-derived population of adolescents with intellectual disabilities (ID). METHOD The prevalence of autism was examined using the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised, with appropriate care taken in assessing lower functioning individuals and those with additional physical and sensory(More)
BACKGROUND Mental health problems in people with learning disabilities and autism are poorly understood. AIMS To investigate the prevalence of episodic psychiatric disorders in a sample of teenagers with learning disabilities with and without autism. METHOD Teenagers with learning disabilities living in one geographical area were identified. Those with(More)
Eight males and four females with an Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R) diagnosis of autism (mean age of 16.3 years) and severe intellectual disability (IQ < 40) were individually matched to controls on the basis of chronological age, gender, and nonverbal IQ. The dependent measure was the Diagnostic Assessment for the Severely Handicapped-II,(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore inattentive, hyperactive, and impulsive behaviours in teenagers with intellectual disabilities (ID), with and without autism. METHOD We identified teenagers with ID, with and without autism, in a single geographic area. Those with autism were matched for age, sex, and nonverbal IQ to those with ID only. We compared inattentive,(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examined the attitudes of senior residents in psychiatry toward persons with intellectual disabilities. Examining residents' attitudes will highlight areas of training that could be enhanced to better prepare psychiatrists to work with individuals with intellectual disabilities. METHOD A questionnaire was distributed to senior(More)
Little research has been carried out on the treatment of postnatal depression and clinicians must currently rely on general recommendations for the use of antidepressants. Antidepressant medication as the main treatment for depression in general practice has been shown to be effective when used as prescribed. However, research has shown that depressed(More)
This systematic review assessed the success of randomized controlled trials of preventative interventions for postnatal depression (PND). Outcomes examined were estimates of PND prevalence. Methodological quality was determined through the examination of key components individually with independent data extraction by all three authors. Data sources included(More)
Psychotropic medications are used regularly to manage problem behaviours among people with intellectual disabilities. This causes concern because often these medications are used out of their licensed indications in this context. The WPA Section on Psychiatry of Intellectual Disability has recently developed an evidence and consensus-based international(More)
OBJECTIVES There are few Canadian prevalence studies of mental retardation (MR); those that do exist were conducted prior to the era of community integration. We undertook a population-based study to explore mental health disturbances in young persons with MR. The first requirement was to identify a population with MR and to establish its prevalence. Here,(More)