Elske van der Vaart

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Humans possess explicit, rule-based, and culturally determined systems for identifying kin, but kinship inferences are also influenced implicitly by cue-based mechanisms found commonly across the animal kingdom. These mechanisms are fallible. An evolutionarily informed signal-detection analysis suggests that (a) cue-based kin recognition may sometimes be(More)
In his book Grooming, Gossip and the Evolution of Language, biologist Robin Dunbar (1997) proposes a new way of looking at the evolution of language. According to this view, language evolved to provide a new social bonding mechanism: Gossiping. This allows humans to live in larger groups than other primates, which increasing predation risks forced our(More)
The question “What drove foragers to farm?” has drawn answers from many different disciplines, often in the form of verbal models. Here, we take one such model, that of the ideal free distribution, and implement it as an agent-based computer simulation. Populations distribute themselves according to the marginal quality of different habitats, predicting(More)
Whether any non-human animal can attribute mental states to others remains the subject of extensive debate. This despite the fact that several species have behaved as if they have a ‘theory of mind’ in various behavioral tasks. In this paper, we review the reasons of skeptics for their doubts: That existing experimental setups cannot distinguish between(More)
Animal ecologists have successfully applied agent-based models to many different problems. Often, these focus on issues concerning collective behaviors, environmental interactions, or the evolution of traits. In these cases, patterns of interest can usually be investigated by constructing the appropriate multiagent system, and then varying or evolving model(More)
We present OOPS, an open source, cross-platform, easy-to-run tableau prover for S5n. OOPS is aimed at education in modal logics. Thus, it has several features that enable insight into its internal workings. Specifically, OOPS allows tableaux to be visualized and can generate counter-models for formulas that are not provable. Moreover, the OOPS Graphical(More)
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