Elsebet Østergaard Nielsen

Learn More
Augmentation of nicotinic alpha7 receptor function is considered to be a potential therapeutic strategy aimed at ameliorating cognitive and mnemonic dysfunction in relation to debilitating pathological conditions, such as Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia. In the present report, a novel positive allosteric modulator of the alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine(More)
Spinal administration of GABA(A) receptor modulators, such as the benzodiazepine drug diazepam, partially alleviates neuropathic hypersensitivity that manifests as spontaneous pain, allodynia, and hyperalgesia. However, benzodiazepines are hindered by sedative impairments and other side effect issues occurring mainly as a consequence of binding to GABA(A)(More)
Recent evidence suggests that GABA(A) receptors containing an alpha1 subunit mediate the sedative effect of diazepam, whereas receptors with an alpha2 subunit mediate this benzodiazepine's anxiolytic effect. Thus, compounds selective for GABA(A)-alpha2 receptors may offer advantages, i.e., lack of sedation, over current benzodiazepines. Whether such(More)
Monoamine transporter inhibitor antidepressants have anxiolytic efficacy in man. However, preclinical data poorly reflect this, either because (1) few studies assess chronic antidepressant treatment in animal models, (2) antidepressants are anxiogenic after acute treatment; and (3) animal models of anxiety are insensitive to antidepressants. We address(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Positive allosteric modulation of α4β2 nicotinic acetylcholine (nACh) receptors could add a new dimension to the pharmacology and therapeutic approach to these receptors. The novel modulator NS9283 was therefore tested extensively. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Effects of NS9283 were evaluated in vitro using fluorescence-based Ca(2+) (More)
Schizophrenic patients have deficits in prepulse inhibition (PPI) that may be alleviated by smoking/nicotine. The effect of nicotinic agents on PPI in rodents is equivocal and few studies in mice have been reported. Thus, we assessed nicotine's (0.03-1mg/kg) effect on PPI in five mouse strains with no effects. We next determined if nicotine would reverse a(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic treatment with the dual serotonin/noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) duloxetine reduces the density of serotonin transporter sites in cortex and engenders an anxiolytic-like response. To determine the reproducibility of these effects and their generality to other antidepressants we compared the effects of chronic duloxetine treatment(More)
A new pharmacological class of CNS ligands with the unique ability to stimulate or suppress motor and behavioral symptoms depending on the prevailing dopaminergic tone has been suggested as "dopaminergic stabilizers". The molecular mode-of-action of dopaminergic stabilizers is not yet fully understood, but they are assumed to act via normalization of(More)
The novel positive allosteric modulator NS11394 [3'-[5-(1-hydroxy-1-methyl-ethyl)-benzoimidazol-1-yl]-biphenyl-2-carbonitrile] possesses a functional selectivity profile at GABA(A) receptors of alpha(5) > alpha(3) > alpha(2) > alpha(1) based on oocyte electrophysiology with human GABA(A) receptors. Compared with other subtype-selective ligands, NS11394 is(More)
Accumulating preclinical data suggest that compounds that block the excitatory effect of glutamate on the kainate subtype of glutamate receptors may have utility for the treatment of pain, migraine, and epilepsy. In the present study, the in vitro pharmacological properties of the novel glutamate antagonist 5-carboxyl-2,4-di-benzamido-benzoic acid (NS3763)(More)