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OBJECTIVE To compare, via a pilot study, the effectiveness of behavior therapy and of drug treatment in children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder. METHOD Twenty-two children aged between 8 and 18 years were randomly assigned to behavior therapy (n = 12) or open clomipramine (n = 10) in a parallel design lasting 12 weeks. Behavior therapy(More)
The aim of this study is to describe the factor structure and psychometric properties of an extended version of the Children's Automatic Thoughts Scale (CATS), the CATS-Negative/Positive (CATS-N/P). The CATS was originally designed to assess negative self-statements in children and adolescents. However, positive thoughts also play a major role in childhood(More)
BACKGROUND Behavior therapy [exposure and response prevention (ERP)] and cognitive therapy (CT) have proven effective in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Direct comparisons between these treatment modalities have exposed no differences in efficacy. However, very little research has been conducted into the differences between the change(More)
OBJECTIVE To present an overview of neuroimaging data on paediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and discuss implications for further research. METHOD Medline PsycINFO databases and reference lists were searched for relevant articles. All neuroimaging studies up to October 1, 2008 involving children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive(More)
OBJECTIVE The efficacy and partial effectiveness of child-focused versus family-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for clinically anxious youths was evaluated, in particular in relation to parental anxiety disorders and child's age. METHOD Clinically referred children with anxiety disorders (N = 128) and their parents were randomly assigned to(More)
The purpose of this treatment package design study was to investigate the differential efficacy of cognitive therapy or exposure in vivo with response prevention for obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) versus the sequential combination with fluvoxamine. Patients with OCD (N = 117) were randomized to one of the following five conditions: a) cognitive therapy(More)
OBJECTIVE Pediatric obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) has been associated with cognitive abnormalities, in particular executive impairments, and dysfunction of frontal-striatal-thalamic circuitry. The aim of this study was to investigate if planning as an executive function is compromised in pediatric OCD and is associated with frontal-striatal-thalamic(More)
A perceived lack of control over negative events is assumed central to the development of anxiety disorders. So far, only questionnaires were used to test this theory, but they have several disadvantages. In this study, the Implicit Association Procedure (IAP) was adapted to measure anxiety-related perceived control in an indirect way. IAP data of 33(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the cost-effectiveness of family cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) compared with individual CBT in children with anxiety disorders. Clinically anxious children (aged 8-18 years) referred for treatment were randomly assigned to family or individual CBT and were assessed pre-treatment, post treatment, and at 3(More)