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Patterned neuronal activity such as spindle bursts in the neonatal cortex is likely to promote the maturation of cortical synapses and neuronal circuits. Previous work on cats has shown that removal of subplate neurons, a transient neuronal population in the immature cortex, prevents the functional maturation of thalamocortical and intracortical(More)
Immunocytochemical markers of specific rat hippocampal interneuron subpopulations, including the calcium binding proteins parvalbumin (PV), and calretinin (CR) were examined in relation to the evolution of spontaneous seizures after electrically induced status epilepticus (SE). PV/CR/NeuN immunoreactive neurons were counted in the hippocampal formation at(More)
Mossy fiber sprouting (MFS) in the hippocampal dentate gyrus is thought to play a critical role in the hyperexcitability of the hippocampus in temporal lobe epilepsy patients. The composition of molecular signals that is needed to direct this sprouting response has not yet been elucidated to a great extent. In the present study we investigated the(More)
Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy patients often display shrinkage of the entorhinal cortex, which has been attributed to neuronal loss in medial entorhinal cortex layer III (MEC-III). MEC-III neuronal loss is reproduced in chronic epileptic rats after kainate-induced (KA) status epilepticus. Here we examined, in vitro, functional changes in superficial(More)
OBJECTIVE The mechanisms whereby birth asphyxia leads to generation of seizures remain unidentified. To study the possible role of brain pH changes, we used a rodent model that mimics the alterations in systemic CO(2) and O(2) levels during and after intrapartum birth asphyxia. METHODS Neonatal rat pups were exposed for 1 hour to hypercapnia (20% CO(2) in(More)
Migraine is a common brain disorder characterized by recurrent attacks of severe headaches and other neurological symptoms. In one-third of patients headaches are accompanied by auras, which consist of transient visual and sensory disturbances, believed to be caused by cortical spreading depression (CSD). CSD is characterized by a wave of neuronal and glial(More)
The characteristic cell loss in layer III of the medial entorhinal area (MEA-III) in human mesial temporal lobe epilepsy is reproduced in the rat kainate model of the disease. To understand how this cell loss affects the functional properties of the MEA, we investigated whether projections from the presubiculum (prS), providing a main input to the MEA-III,(More)
Tissue preparation is the key to a successful matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) experiment. Rapid post-mortem changes contribute a significant challenge to the use of MSI approaches for the analysis of peptides and metabolites. In this technical note we aimed to compare the tissue fixation method ex-vivo(More)
OBJECTIVE Disrupting thalamocortical activity patterns has proven to be a promising approach to stop generalized spike-and-wave discharges (GSWDs) characteristic of absence seizures. Here, we investigated to what extent modulation of neuronal firing in cerebellar nuclei (CN), which are anatomically in an advantageous position to disrupt cortical(More)
The combination of mass spectrometry imaging and histology has proven a powerful approach for obtaining molecular signatures from specific cells/tissues of interest, whether to identify biomolecular changes associated with specific histopathological entities or to determine the amount of a drug in specific organs/compartments. Currently there is no software(More)