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BACKGROUND The amount of protection that condoms provide for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections is unknown. Cohort studies of sexually active HIV serodiscordant couples with follow-up of the seronegative partner, provide a situation in which a seronegative partner has known exposure to the disease and disease incidence can be estimated. When some(More)
Data from the first National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey collected between 1971 and 1972 were used to determine what factors are associated with the prevalence of age-related macular degeneration. The study was limited to those who were at least 45 years old at the time of the ophthalmology examination. Stratified analysis, adjusting for age,(More)
Cancer patterns among broad populations of homosexual men and women have not been studied systematically. The authors followed 1,614 women and 3,391 men in Denmark for cancer from their first registration for marriage-like homosexual partnership between 1989 and 1997. Ratios of observed to expected cancers measured relative risk. Women in homosexual(More)
Immigration from areas of high incidence is thought to have fueled the resurgence of tuberculosis (TB) in areas of low incidence. To reduce the risk of disease in low-incidence areas, the main countermeasure has been the screening of immigrants on arrival. This measure is based on the assumption of a prompt decline in the incidence of TB in immigrants(More)
A total of 151 women at risk of human immunodeficiency virus infection were investigated, to study the strength of the association between cervix and anus regarding the presence of HPV and cytological abnormality. An equal percentage of women had abnormal cervical (12.2%) and anal (12.1%) Papanicolaou smears. HPV measured by PCR was detected in 93.3% of(More)
We analysed the AIDS-defining diseases in all 618 notified AIDS patients in Denmark by June 30, 1990, and looked for trends and associations over time. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) was the most commonly reported disease (47%), and showed some but insignificant changes over time. The number of patients reported with Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) declined(More)
Prion disease in man was first described as Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease (CJD) in the 1920s. CJD may have three different origins: sporadic, familial, due to mutations in the prion gene, or infectious, due to iatrogenic exposure to infectious brain material. As an example of the latter, kuru, in Papua New Guinea, was a variant of CJD transmitted by(More)
Diagnosis of gonorrhoea indicates that relatively recent unprotected sex has been practised and thus there is possibly a risk of HIV transmission. A retrospective analysis of gonorrhoea cases reported to the Danish national surveillance system was carried out for the period 1994-1999. The analysis included demographic pattern and mode of transmission of(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of the study was to investigate the frequency of percutaneous and mucocutaneous injuries sustained by fourth and fifth year medical students at the University of Copenhagen. MATERIAL AND METHODS A questionnaire including questions on experience with invasive procedures, number and types of exposures, and post-exposure actions was(More)
INTRODUCTION AIDS was defined in 1981, and HIV has spread globally since then. Most of the Danish AIDS patients have been men who have sex with men (MSM). After the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy in the mid-1990s, the incidence of AIDS in Denmark decreased dramatically. This article presents a status report on HIV and AIDS epidemiology(More)