Learn More
Screens for zygotic lethal mutations that are associated with specific maternal effect lethal phenotypes have only been conducted for the X chromosome. To identify loci on the autosomes, which represent four-fifths of the Drosophila genome, we have used the autosomal "FLP-DFS" technique to screen a collection of 496 P element-induced mutations established(More)
The 'dominant female-sterile' technique used to generate germ-line mosaics in Drosophila is a powerful tool to determine the tissue specificity (germ line versus somatic) of recessive female-sterile mutations as well as to analyze the maternal effect of recessive zygotic lethal mutations. This technique requires the availability of germ-line-dependent,(More)
To generate cell- and tissue-specific expression patterns of the reporter gene lacZ in Drosophila, we have generated and characterized 1,426 independent insertion strains using four different P-element constructs. These four transposons carry a lacZ gene driven either by the weak promoter of the P-element transposase gene or by partial promoters from the(More)
The Drosophila EGF receptor (DER) is required for the specification of diverse cell fates throughout development. We have examined how the activation of DER controls the development of vein and intervein cells in the Drosophila wing. The data presented here indicate that two distinct events are involved in the determination and differentiation of wing(More)
The most common primary tumors of the human brain are thought to be of glial cell origin. However, glial cell neoplasms cannot be fully classified by cellular morphology or with conventional markers for astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, or their progenitors. Recent insights into central nervous system tumorigenesis suggest that novel molecular markers might be(More)
During development, oligodendrocyte precursors undergo sequential stages of differentiation characterized by expression of distinct cell surface properties and proliferative responses. Although both PDGF and bFGF are mitogenic for these cells, the factors that regulate the progression of oligodendrocyte precursors through their differentiative program(More)
The precursors for oligodendrocytes, the myelinating cells of the vertebrate CNS, appear to be initially restricted to ventral regions of the embryonic rat spinal cord. These cells subsequently populate dorsal spinal cord regions where they acquire the mature characteristics of oligodendrocytes. To determine the location and timing of proliferation of(More)
Presenilin is an essential gene for development that when disrupted leads to a neurogenic phenotype that closely resembles Notch loss of function in Drosophila. In humans, many naturally occurring mutations in Presenilin 1 or 2 cause early onset Alzheimer's disease. Both loss of expression and overexpression of Presenilin suggested a role for this protein(More)
OBJECTIVE Retinoids are known to exhibit a broad spectrum of biological activities, and they participate in the onset of differentiation and the inhibition of growth in a wide variety of cancer cells. Some of these vitamin A derivatives are already in clinical use. However, data on retinoid actions in glial tumors are rather sparse. Therefore, we studied(More)
The simple ganglioside GM3 inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis in proliferating immature rodent CNS cells. To determine whether GM3 influenced the expansion of human neural tumors the effects of GM3 treatment on primary human brain tumors were assayed. Here we demonstrate that GM3 treatment dramatically reduces cell numbers in primary cultures of(More)