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We examined the effect of two endogenous antioxidant agents, taurine and vitamin E, on renal function in experimental diabetes. Male Sprague-Dawley rats, rendered diabetic with streptozocin (STZ), were assigned to one of the following groups: 1) untreated; 2) insulin treatment with 6 U Ultralente insulin/day in two doses; 3) taurine supplementation by 1%(More)
We describe a patient with signs and symptoms of classic Bartter syndrome. The patient tested negative for all known genetic abnormalities associated with this tubular disorder. Proteinuria was found within 1 year after the diagnosis of Bartter syndrome. A renal biopsy performed 6 months later, when her kidney function was normal, revealed focal segmental(More)
IgA nephropathy is one of the most common forms of glomerular disease. Nearly 25% of affected patients progress to end-stage renal disease over a 20-25-y follow-up period. IgA-containing immune complexes stimulate oxygen-free radical production by mesangial cells in vitro. The excessive oxidant stress may mediate glomerular injury in this disorder.(More)
This paper describes the use of a new polyimide sieve electrode as a chronic neural interface to stimulate and record signals from regenerated peripheral nerves. Flexible thin polyimide electrodes were placed in silicone chambers and implanted between the severed ends of the sciatic nerve in rats. The sieve part of the interface has 281 round via holes of(More)
This paper describes some developments, made to obtain a chronic neural interface to record signals from regenerated peripheral nerves. Microperforated silicon dices, fabricated by techniques compatible with CMOS processes, were coupled in silicone nerve chambers and implanted between the severed ends of peripheral nerves in rats. Three configurations of(More)
Papillary-cystic neoplasm of the pancreas is a rare, nonfunctioning low-grade malignant tumor seen in young patients, most often female. Ultrasound and CT show a circumscribed, solid nonhomogeneous mass with cystic areas, with peripheral but not central enhancement and occasional calcification. Prognosis after excision is usually excellent. We describe a(More)
Hepatitis-B-associated glomerulonephritis (HBGN) is a distinct entity occurring frequently in hepatitis-B-prevalent areas of the world. The disease affects both adults and children who are chronic hepatitis-B-virus (HBV) carriers with or without a history of overt liver disease. The diagnosis is established by serologic evidence of HBV antigens/antibodies,(More)
Repeated administration of low doses of puromycin aminonucleoside (PAMN) to rats induces a proteinuric renal disease that resembles focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Reactive oxygen molecules may be involved in the progressive course of this nephropathy. Therefore we evaluated whether taurine, an endogenous antioxidant, could limit the extent of(More)
Experimental data indicate that excessive production of reactive oxygen molecules contributes to progressive renal injury and that treatment with antioxidants attenuates this damage. Therefore, we investigated whether vitamin E supplementation could ameliorate renal disease and reduce proteinuria in children with a variety of kidney disorders. Vitamin E,(More)
A review of 130 children with persistent microhematuria showed that the most common abnormality was a form of hereditary nephritis for wich we propose the term 'familial thin basement membrane nephropathy' (FTBMN). This lesion is not as severe as that of Alport's syndrome but carries a guarded prognosis. Family histories, urinalyses and audiograms(More)