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Propidium has been demonstrated in previous studies to be a selective ligand for the peripheral anionic site on acetylcholinesterase (EC 3.1.1.7). Its association with this site can be advantageously monitored by direct fluorescent titration. We have measured the ability of acetylcholine, acetylthiocholine, haloxon(More)
The Ellman method for assaying thiols is based on the reaction of thiols with the chromogenic DTNB (5,5'-dithiobis-2-nitrobenzoate) whereby formation of the yellow dianion of 5-thio-2-nitrobenzoic acid (TNB) is measured. The TNB molar absorption coefficient, 13.6 x 10(3)M(-1)cm(-1), as published by Ellman in 1959 has been almost universally used until now.(More)
1. The second-order rate constants of inhibition, k(a), of acetylcholinesterase were measured at pH values between 5.5 and 10.5 for two esters of phosphorus acids and five esters of carbamic acids. Two of the carbamates and one of the phosphates contained a quaternary nitrogen group. 2. For the three positively charged compounds the k(a)-pH plots are(More)
AIM To determine whether paraoxonase activity, paraoxonase phenotypes, and lipid status are altered in uremic patients on long-term hemodialysis treatment as compared to healthy population. METHODS Patients (n = 69) and control subjects (n = 145) were from the area of Slavonski Brod, Croatia. Paraoxon was used as a substrate for measuring basal or sodium(More)
Selective mutants of mouse acetylcholinesterase (AChE; EC 3.1.1.7) phosphonylated with chiral S(P)- and R(P)-cycloheptyl, -3,3-dimethylbutyl, and -isopropyl methylphosphonyl thiocholines were subjected to reactivation by the oximes HI-6 and 2-PAM and their reactivation kinetics compared with wild-type AChE and butyrylcholinesterase (EC 3.1.1.8). Mutations(More)
Applications of recombinant DNA technology, chemical synthesis on biological templates and fluorescence detection of organophosphorylation provide unexplored avenues for development of antidotes and approaches for remote detection of organophosphate nerve agents and pesticides. We discuss here how acetylcholinesterase (AChE), through appropriate mutations,(More)
1. The kinetics of the reaction of di-(2-chloroethyl) 3-chloro-4-methylcoumarin-7-yl phosphate (haloxon) and related compounds with acetylcholinesterase were studied and found to be unusual. 2. By a progressive reaction haloxon produces a di-(2-chloroethyl)phosphorylated enzyme. The influence of substrate on this reaction leading to a phosphorylated active(More)
Organochlorine compounds in milk were analyzed in samples collected over a nine-year period (1987-1995) from nursing mothers (N = 139) whose children were hospitalized for various disorders. All samples contained p,p'-DDE and PCBs; the median concentrations were 318 micrograms/kg milk fat and 220 micrograms/kg milk fat resp. Higher levels were found in(More)
The distribution and time trend of organochlorine pesticide (OCP), polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB), and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin/polychlorinated dibenzofuran (PCDD/PCDF) concentrations in human milk samples from Croatia collected in 1981-2003 are presented. Between 1981/1982 and 1987/1989, the concentrations of HCB, beta-HCH, DDE, and total PCBs(More)