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The aim of this paper is to review existing approaches to the automatic detection and segmentation of masses in mammographic images, highlighting the key-points and main differences between the used strategies. The key objective is to point out the advantages and disadvantages of the various approaches. In contrast with other reviews which only describe and(More)
It has been shown that the accuracy of mammographic abnormality detection methods is strongly dependent on the breast tissue characteristics, where a dense breast drastically reduces detection sensitivity. In addition, breast tissue density is widely accepted to be an important risk indicator for the development of breast cancer. Here, we describe the(More)
Studies reported in the literature indicate that the increase in the breast density is one of the strongest indicators of developing breast cancer. In this paper, we present an approach to automatically evaluate the density of a breast by segmenting its internal parenchyma in either fatty or dense class. Our approach is based on a statistical analysis of(More)
This paper presents a comparison of two clustering based algorithms and one region based algorithm for segmenting fatty and dense tissue in mammographic images. This is a crucial step in order to obtain a quantitative measure of the density of the breast. The first algorithm is a multiple thresholding algorithm based on the excess entropy, the second one is(More)
Mammographic risk assessment provides an indication of the likelihood of women developing breast cancer. A number of mammographic image based classification methods have been developed, such as Wolfe, Boyd, BI-RADS and Tabár based assessment. We provide a comparative study of these four approaches. Results on the full MIAS database are presented, which(More)
The number of women with breast implants is increasing. Radiologists must be familiar with the normal and abnormal findings of common implants. Implant rupture is a well-known complication after surgery and is the main cause of implant removal. Although mammography and ultrasonography are the standard first steps in the diagnostic workup, magnetic resonance(More)
Purpose : Segmentation plays a central role in medical imaging, though is not a trivial task to perform in some screening modalities such as Ultra-Sound images. This paper addresses the role of automatic seed placement when segmenting breast lesions in B-mode Ultra-Sound images, and proposes a new algorithm to automatically locate seed regions for further(More)
Texture is a powerful cue for describing structures that show a high degree of similarity in their image intensity patterns. This paper describes the use of Self-Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT), both as low-level and high-level descriptors, applied to differentiate the tissues present in breast US images. For the low-level texture descriptors case, SIFT(More)