Elsa M. Hjerkinn

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We investigated the levels of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an important endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO), as related to metabolic risk factors known to contribute to atherosclerotic disease. Dimethylarginines were analysed in a cross-sectional study of 563 elderly high-risk men (70 +/- 6 years). ADMA and the l-arginine/ADMA (l-arg/ADMA)(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the pattern of serum non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) fraction in association with atherosclerosis development. We have studied possible relationships between eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA) in the NEFA fraction and biochemical markers of endothelial activation(More)
BACKGROUND The benefit of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) supplementation for mortality and cardiovascular events after myocardial infarction is well documented, but the effect of n-3 PUFA in Caucasians without established cardiovascular disease is not known. Our aim was to examine the influence of supplementation with eicosapentaenoic acid and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the role of inflammatory markers as potential predictors of cardiovascular events in subjects with and without the metabolic syndrome. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This was a post hoc analysis from the Diet and Omega-3 Intervention Trial (DOIT), comprising 563 elderly men with (n = 221) and without (n =(More)
Epidemiological data suggest that fruit and vegetable consumption is associated with a lowered risk of CVD. We assessed the association between the intima-media thickness (IMT) of the carotid artery and dietary intake of vegetables, fruit and berries in elderly men with a high risk of CVD. Subjects (age 70 +/- 5 years) were survivors from a cohort of 1232(More)
BACKGROUND In the Oslo Diet and Antismoking Trial, 1232 high-risk men aged 40-49 y were randomly assigned to either a lifestyle intervention group or a control group for 5 y. The study showed a significant reduction in ischemic heart disease (IHD) events in the intervention group. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to examine this cohort 23 y after the start of(More)
BACKGROUND Dietary factors and very-long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) may influence the atherothrombotic process. Elevated concentrations of circulating cell adhesion molecules, thrombomodulin (TM), von Willebrand factor (vWF), and tissue-type plasminogen activator antigen (tPAag) are related to atherothrombotic cardiovascular disease.(More)
We have investigated the effect of fish oil supplementation on the association between serum non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) pattern and atherosclerotic activity. We studied correlations between serum non-esterified very long-chain eicosapentaenoic (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA) and biochemical markers of endothelial activation(More)
Vascular hypertrophy and insulin resistance have been associated with abnormal left ventricular (LV) geometry in population studies. We wanted to investigate the influence of vascular hypertrophy and insulin resistance on LV hypertrophy and its function in patients with hypertension. In 89 patients with essential hypertension and electrocardiographic LV(More)
BACKGROUND This randomized study targeted a comparison of the effect of 3-year diet counselling or omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation (2.4 g/day) on the progression of atherosclerosis in carotid arteries and on finger pulse wave propagation. METHODS Measurements were assessed by high-resolution B-mode ultrasound and a(More)