Elsa Locardi

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Sugar Amino Acids (SAAs) are sugar moieties containing at least one amino and one carboxyl group. The straightforward synthesis of two furanoid SAAs, 3-amino-3-deoxy-1,2-isopropylidene-alpha-D-ribofuranoic acid (f-SAA1) and 3-amino-3-deoxy-1,2-isopropylidene-alpha-D-allofuranoic acid (f-SAA2) starting from diacetone glucose, is described. These SAAs were(More)
A new class of peptidomimetic C5a receptor antagonists characterized by C-terminal amino acids with hydrophobic side chains is presented. Systematic optimization of the first hits led to JPE1375 (36), which was intensively characterized in vitro and in vivo. Compound 36 exhibits high microsomal stability and receptor specificity and is highly active in an(More)
The step-by-step synthesis by solution methods of the [Ser2,5,6,9, Leu-OMe11] analog of trichogin GA IV is described. The four Ser residues have been incorporated into the sequence as replacements of the naturally occurring Gly residues to increase the amphiphilicity of the 3D-structure of the lipopeptaibol. A detailed solution conformational analysis has(More)
Blockade of the bradykinin B(2) receptor provides therapeutic benefit in hereditary angioedema (HAE) and potentially in many other diseases. Herein, we describe the development of highly potent B(2) receptor antagonists with a molecular weight of approximately 500 g/mol. First, known quinoline-based B(2) receptor antagonists were stripped down to their(More)
[structure: see text] Cyclopeptides containing Glucuronic acid methylamine (Gum) alternating with Gly, L-Ala, D-Ala, L-Phe, D-Phe, L-Lys, or D-Lys were synthesized by a combination of solid-phase synthesis and solution chemistry. A more effective pathway to synthesize the sugar amino acid Gum in higher yields and in a shorter period of time was developed.(More)
Sugar amino acids (SAAs) were designed as new building blocks carrying an amino group and a carboxyl group on a carbohydrate scaffold. By exploiting standard solid- and solution-phase coupling procedures, linear and cyclic homooligomers containing glucosyluronic acid methylamine (Gum) were synthesized. We achieved a high yield and a very short coupling time(More)
We have synthesized by solution-phase methods two analogues of the 11-residue lipopeptaibol antibiotic trichogin GA IV in which the N-terminal n-octanoyl group is replaced either by an N-acetylated 2-amino-2-methyl-L-undecanoic acid or by an N-acetylated alpha-aminoisobutyric acid. CD, FTIR absorption. and NMR analyses unequivocally show that the main(More)
Collagen peptidomimetics have been synthesized as an alternative to natural collagen. The incorporation of unnatural residues such as peptoids in the collagen sequences can demonstrate potent and specific biological activity and enhance the biostability against enzymatic degradation. Furthermore, the use of achiral peptoids simplifies synthetic strategies(More)
Hydroxy urea moieties are introduced as a new class of bradykinin B(1) receptor antagonists. First, the SAR of the lead compound was systematically explored. Subsequent optimization resulted in the identification of several biaryl-based hydroxyurea bradykinin B(1) receptor antagonists with low-nanomolar activity and very high oral bioavailability in the rat.