Learn More
Medical, neurodevelopmental, and parenting effects of individualized developmental care were investigated in a three-center, randomized, controlled trial. A total of 92 preterm infants, weighing less than 1250 g and aged less than 28 weeks, participated. Outcome measures included medical, neurodevelopmental and family function. Quality of care was also(More)
33 infants requiring ICU nursery care had Brazelton Behavioral Testing prior to discharge and were followed for 1 year. At birth 91% were <2500 g. and 37 wks. gestation; 61% were caucasian, 30% Mexican-American; 64% had birth asphyxia; 15% were SGA; 58% had IRDS with 70% of those ventilated. The Brazelton Test was performed at 35-42 weeks in 88%. At 1 year(More)
Forty children who had persistent fetal circulation (PFC) were followed up for one to four years. At the most recent examination, 16 (40%) were normal, eight (20%) had neurosensory hearing loss, three (7.5%) were profoundly impaired, six (15.0%) had suspect or abnormal results of neurologic examinations exclusive of hearing loss, three (7.5%) had speech(More)
Infants of 23 mothers on a methadone maintenance program were observed for evidence of drug withdrawal. Ten infants had no withdrawal; 13 had withdrawal symptoms and 9 required treatment. The mothers' highest methadone doses ranged from 7½-80 mg, and their lowest doses ranged from 0-40 mg. Mothers who in the third trimester had 1/3 or more of weekly random(More)
The Brazelton Scale was administered to 204 high risk infants; 366 tests were given. 88% were <2500g and 90% were <36 weeks gestation. 42% had assisted ventilation, and 19% were small for gestational age. Gestational age at test time was 35-43 weeks in 92%. Deviant reflexes (scored as 0, 1 or 3 except for passive movements) were: crawling (20%), standing(More)
A retrospective study involving all admissions to two neonatal intensive care centers over a 4-year period was carried out to assess the protective effect, or lack of it, of prolonged rupture of membranes (ROM) on the prevalence of idiopathic respiratory distress syndrome (IRDS) in premature infants. Significantly fewer cases of IRDS were found in patients(More)
This review of the literature and selected unpublished data documents normal early outcome in 50 to 81 per cent of tiny infants. Educational outcome described by a few studies is less encouraging, with only 32 to 36 per cent considered normal. Each study investigated the contribution of different perinatal, environmental, or social variables, therefore it(More)
Behavioral characteristics of very low birth weight infants (less than 1,501 gm) were determined with the term Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale and selected items from a preliminary form of the scale for premature and at-risk infants. The behavior of 188 infants was assessed at a time as optimal as possible for social interaction. Our very low(More)